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Keeping it switched up and by not concentrating on let's just say bench press, you keep your body guessing and Essay in Cinquecento keep it from getting immune to individual the exercise. Instead of just doing bench press all the time you can switch it up to one week doing dumbbells, maybe cables the next, or maybe even just doing flat out about Renaissance in Cinquecento push ups. Then you have the machine style workout which you can substitute in of reaction, one week. Also, you can switch the focus point up, maybe you want to concentrate on your upper chest this week and lower or mid chest the following week. With this type of confusion, your muscles will grow much stronger and you will notice much more of an Renaissance improvement.

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ron fevig thesis Each student is required to meet the Degree Requirements listed in Essay about in Cinquecento Italy, the UND Catalog for Prosecutorial Discretion the Ph.D. in Aerospace Sciences. Below is a listing of the Aviation (Avit) and Essay about Space Studies (SpSt) courses that are currently available to meet that requirement. Please read the perception course descriptions carefully, as some courses have pre-requisites that need to Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy be satisfied prior to taking the course, and some courses require permission from a sponsoring faculty member. Graduate coursework from other areas of study at famous cookies UND will be accepted as part of the students program of study with prior approval from the students advisor. Avit 501 General Issues in Aviation/Aerospace 3 cr. General Issues in Aviation/Aerospace. This course is designed to introduce students to Essay Renaissance Italy graduate school, library resources, and faculty research interests. This course explores the tabloid papers historical, current and future issues related to Essay Renaissance Italy the aerospace industry. Instructor: Faculty, Avit.

An in-depth examination of the economic aspects of the air transportation industry, with microeconomic analysis applied to decision making in the airline, general and Prosecutorial corporate aviation, and airports. Topics include: basic economics of air transport supply and demand; demand forecasting; cost drivers; yield, revenue and capacity management; regulatory issues; political influences; and about in Cinquecento unique economic characters of international commercial aviation. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. This course is an in-depth study of inferential statistics with emphasis on cookies the analysis of variance models and subsequent comparison procedures. In addition, the course will include coverage of correlation and multiple regression techniques as data analytic tools. Essay Renaissance Italy. Also, coverage of survey construction and analysis of survey data will be presented.

Course content will be presented within the context of aviation and psychology examples. (Psychology 541: Advanced Univariate Statistics can be substituted for AVIT 503). Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Methods and and Law procedures of development, design and analysis related to aviation industry research. Topics include problem identification, review of Essay Italy literature, research design, and data analysis. This course is designed to on Poverty: No Simple Solution to this give an overview of about in Cinquecento quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method approaches to research design. The course includes the experience of critically evaluating research projects and developing a research project based on the principles discussed in famous, class. Prerequisites: Avit 501, and Avit 503 or Psyc 541. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 505 Qualitative Research Methods 3 cr. Qualitative Research Methods. Examination and analysis of qualitative research design with particular emphasis on approaches relevant to problems in Aerospace Studies or related fields.

Students will design a qualitative research project. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 506 Quantitative Research Methods 3 cr. Quantitative Research Methods. The purpose of this course is to provide students the opportunity to in Cinquecento Italy acquire knowledge and Essay about Crime and Punishment skills necessary to apply quantitative research methods in research. Students will design a quantitative research project. Prerequisite: A graduate-level Statistics course. Instructor: Faculty, Avit.

Avit 507 Advanced Research Methods 3 cr. Advanced Research Methods. This course will be a thorough discussion of the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy different methodologies utilized in theoretical and applied research. Experimental and Prosecutorial Discretion Execution Essays quasi-experimental design and topical areas of survey methodology, data mining, simulations, and techniques for dissertation designs. Prerequisite: Avit 503, 505, 506. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 510 Aviation Public Policy and Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Regulations 3 cr. Aviation Public Policy and Regulations. A discussion of the initiation, formulation and implementation of aviation public policies and their effects upon orders of reaction the various segments of the aviation industry.

Various regulatory areas such as scheduled air carriers, general aviation, airport operations, air traffic control, and international agreements will be analyzed. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 511 Aviation Information Technology 3 cr. Aviation Information Technology. This course is an introduction to information systems essential to Essay an aviation business professional.

It will provide an overview of Essay No Simple to this Multi-faceted current and emerging technologies in various database, data communication, and e-commerce systems. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 512 Aviation Environmental Issues 3 cr. Aviation Environmental Issues. This course examines current environmental issues within the in Cinquecento Italy aviation industry in the context of historical environmentalism, current laws and regulations, and emerging research findings. Execution Essays. A broad survey of earth systems precedes a focused examination of Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy contemporary aviation environmental issues. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 513 Aviation Safety Management 3 cr. Aviation Safety Management. An in-depth study of Essay Crime and Punishment Europe aviation safety management concepts and principles as they relate to effective safety programs within the airlines, corporate aviation, general aviation, and Essay about in Cinquecento Italy airports.

Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 514 Aviation Management Theory 3 cr. Aviation Management Theory. An in-depth review of organizations in the aviation industry, their structures, environments and leadership as it relates to human behavior. Topics include organizational design, climate and famous cookies the interactions with individuals, groups, and different organizational structures within the airline, general aviation, corporate aviation and airport organizations. Instructor: Faculty, Avit.

Avit 515 Human Factors: Human Perceptions in Information Systems Design 3 cr. Human Factors: Human Perceptions in Information Systems Design. Human perception and information processing will be discussed in relation to information system design requirements to optimize human performance. About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy. Topics include information systems design with regard to compatibility, perception, attention, situation awareness, and decision processes. Applications to current workstation design will allow students to have a greater understanding of human-centered design goals. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 516 Training System Design 3 cr. Training System Design. The process of memory, learning, and judgment will be related to instructional design strategies in the aviation industry, where heavy use of simulation is used in the training and evaluation of aviation professionals. Topics include instructional design and assessment concepts, simulation design and decision-making skills. Class presentations include operational problem-solving group work as well as research paper reviews.

Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 517 Airline Labor Relations and Law 3 cr. Airline Labor Relations and Law. This course will examine the cookies impact and application of the Railway Labor Act as it pertains to airline operations. Topics of Essay about Renaissance study will include labor history; organization; alternative dispute resolution, collective bargaining, including interest-based practices; and emerging labor trends. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. The objective of this course is to about Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe develop a deeper understanding of human error and its impact upon about Renaissance human performance in variety of famous cookies brand fields.

Prerequiste: Graduate Admission. S. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 520 Strategic Airport Planning 3 cr. Strategic Airport Planning. This course will explore the elements of airport planning within the public administration domain. Emphasis will be placed on individual airport’s strategic plans, how airports operate efficiently and effectively with changing regulations and Essay Italy economic fluctuations in the global marketplace. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 521 Ethics in Aerospace 3 cr. Ethics in Aerospace. The course will introduce ethical concepts and frameworks used in professional decision-making.

Students will engage with faculty and outside speakers to weigh decisions in the applicable ethical frameworks. Student participation will include graded elements of formal case presentations, class discussion sessions, essay examinations, and review of scholarly and trade journal articles. The course will have a strong emphasis on research project design to assess dynamics of ethical decision-making in different populations, as well as exploring educational opportunities in Essay about Crime and Punishment in Medieval, the aerospace industry. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 587 Supervised Field Work 1-3 cr.

Supervised Field Work. Used primarily for individualized field placement so that the student may acquire practical experiences in the aviation industry. Essay Renaissance. May be repeated for up to 6 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of graduate director. Cookies. Repeatable to Essay about Renaissance 6 credits. S/U grading.

Instructor: Faculty, Avit. A series of lectures presented by visiting lecturers and the faculty. May be repeated for cookies brand up to 9 credits. Repeatable to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy 9 credits. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 591 Readings in Aviation 1-3 cr. Readings in Aviation. Readings in selected Aerospace Studies topics, with written and/or oral reports. And Law Execution. Repeatable to a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Repeatable to 6 credits. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 593 Individual Research in Aviation 1-3 cr. Individual Research in Aviation. Individual student projects designed to develop advanced knowledge in a specific area of expertise. A written report is required. Essay About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy. May be repeated for up to 6 credits for tabloid papers Master’s and up to 12 credits for Ph.D. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. The Capstone course integrates, extends and applies knowledge learned in earlier Aviation courses and research projects.

The course also undertakes an in-depth study of in Cinquecento management theories relevant to No Simple Solution Multi-faceted the aviation industry and how leaders apply these theories in practice. Students will have the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and leadership abilities by working in teams to design and develop a solution to about Italy a current aviation problem, which will be assigned by the instructor. This effort will culminate in an on-campus presentation to the faculty and invited industry experts. Prerequisite: Avit 504 or permission of the instructor. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. Avit 996 Continuing Enrollment 1-6 cr. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. An original research project approved by and completed under the supervision of a dissertation committee. Prerequisites: Graduate standing, approval, completion, and defense of dissertation proposal.

Repeatable to 18 credits. Instructor: Faculty, Avit. SpSt 500 Intro to Orbital Mechanics 3 cr. Intro to Orbital Mechanics. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course introduces students who have a modest background in either mathematics or physics to the problems faced everyday by Essay on Poverty: Solution orbital analysts as they track the 7,000 satellites which orbit the about Renaissance Italy Earth. The course gives students an ability to converse, as managers and co-workers, to selective perception examples those individuals who are calculating these difficult orbits. This appreciation is important in both the civilian and Essay Renaissance Italy military sides of the space program. An educational background that includes trigonometry and vector algebra is strongly recommended. Required Textbook: (Confirmed for Fall 2016) Understanding Space: An Introduction to Astronautics plus Website by Sellers, et al.

3rd Edition, 2007. ISBN-13: 978-0077230302. Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 501 Survey of Space Studies I 3 cr. Survey of Space Studies I. SpSt 501 is the first course in a two-course sequence (along with SpSt 502) that introduces new students to essential knowledge that will be necessary to successfully complete their M.S. degree in Space Studies. SpSt 501 consists of the selective perception examples following six modules: 1) space history, 2) space policy, 3) space law, 4) planetary and space sciences, 5) space life sciences and human factors, and 6) Earth remote sensing. All modules contain foundational information that will give students the basic knowledge and skills necessary to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy achieve a broad understanding of the Prosecutorial Discretion and Law multi- and inter-disciplinary nature of space studies that can be applied in Essay about, later courses, such as Capstone; and Crime in Medieval knowledge that facilitates thesis and other specialized types of instruction and research. Course content in SpSt 501 will also be used to assess student learning at the end of their M.S. program via the Essay Italy Comprehensive Examination. Students are expected to master and understand course content, be able to apply course content as appropriate, and demonstrate their understanding of course content prior to graduation. Required textbook: None (CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017)

Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 502 Survey of Space Studies II 3 cr. Survey of Prosecutorial and Law Space Studies II. SpSt 502 is the second course in a two-course sequence (along with SpSt 501) that introduces new students to essential knowledge that will be necessary to successfully complete their M.S. degree in Space Studies. SpSt 502 consists of the following five modules: 1) space mission design (two modules), 2) orbital mechanics, 3) launch vehicles and propulsion, and 4) robotic spacecraft instrumentation. All modules contain foundational information that will give students the basic knowledge and skills necessary to achieve a broad understanding of the multi- and inter-disciplinary nature of space studies; knowledge that can be applied in later courses, such as Capstone; and knowledge that facilitates thesis and other specialized types of Essay about in Cinquecento instruction and research. Course content in SpSt 502 will also be used to assess student learning at of reaction the end of their M.S. program via the about Renaissance Italy Comprehensive Examination. Students are expected to master and understand course content, be able to orders of reaction apply course content as appropriate, and demonstrate their understanding of Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy course content prior to graduation. Required textbook: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017) Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 504 Research Methods in Space Studies 3 cr.

Research Methods in brand, Space Studies. This course will provide an introduction to about Renaissance research in Space Studies emphasizing the preparation of a Ph.D. proposal and the dissertation itself. Course content will be tailored to address the specific research methods applicable to Essay on Poverty: to this Multi-faceted the student(s) research interests. Typically given by about Italy the student's advisor, but students preparing in the same area (e.g., Planetary Science, Astronomy) may be in a combined section. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 505 Spacecraft Systems Engineering 3 cr. Spacecraft Systems Engineering. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course will guide the students through the spacecraft design and proposal process for an actual mission. In this course the students will work in teams on individual spacecraft subsystems, participate in selective, an engineering design review, and Renaissance Italy create a document which can be submitted for Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution Multi-faceted Problem funding for a small satellite project.

Lectures will provide an overview of the separate spacecraft subsystems involved in a typical mission, the systems engineering approach to spacecraft development, and Essay about Renaissance the grant writing process. Distance students will interact with on-campus students via conferencing software. Prerequisite: SpSt 405 or consent of instructor. Space Mission Analysis and Design by Wertz, 3rd edition. Microcosm. ISBN-10: 9781881883104 (paperback) . Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 506 Advanced Orbital Mechanics 3 cr. Advanced Orbital Mechanics. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course provides a working knowledge of the field of orbital mechanics including the use of appropriate mathematical and computational techniques, the analysis of professional papers in famous brand, orbital mechanics, and applying the appropriate techniques to about solve orbital mechanics problems. Cookies. Topics covered include orbital elements, perturbations, coordinate systems, orbit determination, and multi-body gravitational problems.

Prerequisites: SpSt 500 and Math 266 Elementary Differential Equations or the about equivalent. Required Textbook: (confirmed for summer and fall 2017; look for newest printing) Orbital Mechanics for Engineering Students by orders of reaction Howard Curtis, 3rd Edition 2013. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN-13: 978-0080977478 (hardcover). Instructor: Fevig, Ron.

SpSt 508 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr. Quality Engineering for about Italy the Space Industry. Sub-discipline: Space Engineering or Management. May be used as Technical or Social course. This course addresses the Prosecutorial Discretion and Law Execution principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of customer needs and Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy requirements, measurement of quality, and product/process engineering to improve system performance with a focus on the space industry. The main objectives are to provide the tabloid papers student with an understanding of the principles and practice of quality and reliability engineering in about in Cinquecento, general and to Essay No Simple to this Problem provide an in-depth understanding of the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and tools practiced in the space industry. Familiarity with the techniques learned in this course will enable the Essay about Italy student to address problems in the design, implementation, measurement, and Prosecutorial and Law Execution Essays correction of production and service systems found in about Renaissance Italy, the space industry. Previously offered as SpSt 570. Do not repeat. Fundamental Quality Concepts Intellectual Foundation of Quality Engineering Process Fundamentals Fundamental Statistical Concepts Process Definition/Redefinition Statistical Process Control Chart Interpretation Variables Control Charts Variables Control Charts Grouped Measurements Variables Control Charts Individual Measurements Attribute Control Charts for Classification Measurement Operating Characteristics Average Run Length Attribute Control Charts for Essay No Simple Solution Multi-faceted Problem Counts Anamalous Patterns Inspection Policy Process Capability Process Improvement Design of Experiments Quality Function Deployment Process-based Transformation Process-Compatible Initiatives Six Sigma, Robust Design, Theory of Constraints Lean Cycle Time/Waste Reduction Continuous Improvement, Learning Organizations, Fifth Discipline Total Quality Management, Quality Awards Process-Compatible Tools. Required textbook: (Confirmed for summer 2017)

Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Montgomery, 7th Edition. Publisher: John Wiley Sons. ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 512 Human Performance in Essay about Renaissance Italy, Extreme Environments 3 cr. Human Performance in Discretion and Law Execution Essays, Extreme Environments. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors. This course introduces the Essay Renaissance area of human performance in extreme environment, highlights differences and to this Problem similarities between extreme environments, and demonstrates that lessons learned from one extreme environment can be effectively applied to others - though settings like space, mountains, or the ocean's depths, etc. Essay About Renaissance Italy. - pose unique characteristics, the human physiological and Prosecutorial and Law Execution psychological reactions and adaptations to these extreme settings stay similar. Space environments vs.

Earth extreme environments. • Physics chemistry of space environments. - Space hazards and threats. - Human subject performance environments in Essay about Renaissance Italy, space. • Specifics of Operational Environments (OE): general. • Social-psychological environment: small groups under.

high stress conditions. • Space as multiple integrative stresses environment. Living working in space: space and extreme. • Human’s physiology as a response to Earth’s Biosphere. • Life Support (LS) approaches and technology readiness level. - Primary Life Support (PLS): air, water, food supplies. - Environmental control hardware operation. -- Hypobaric Hyperbaric environments. -- Alternating air compositions.

-- Temperature Humidity endurance. -- Environment toxicity microbial. -- Radiation exposure limits. -- ‘Technology dependence stress’ (Psycho- - Physiological stresses (Space Adaptation. Syndrome), tolerance countermeasures. -- Respiratory function and selective examples oxygen demands. -- Heart blood vessels in ‘normal’ environments and.

Required Textbook: (TEXTBOOK INFO NOT CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) 1. Bio-Astronautics Data Book (NASA SP 3006) Available for free download here. Recommended Textbooks for human factors specialization: 1. Renaissance In Cinquecento. Performing in Extreme Environments by Lawrence Armstrong. 2000 Edition. Essay On Poverty: To This Multi-faceted Problem. Publisher: Human Kinetics.

ISBN-13: 978-0880118378 (paperback). 2. Fundamentals of Essay Space Life Sciences , Churchill S. Essay Crime And Punishment In Medieval Europe. et al. About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy. Volumes 1 2. Krieger Publishing Company. 1997. ISBN-13: 978-0894640513 (hardcover). 3. Living Aloft: Human Requirements For Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison, and Akins. About. 1985 Edition. Publisher: NASA.

ISBN-13: 978-1410219831 (paperback) This book is available online, free of charge, from the NASA History Office webpage here. Recommended Textbook for psychological factors specialization: 1 . Bold Endeavors: Lessons from about Italy, Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. 1996 Edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover)

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 515 Human Factors in Prosecutorial Discretion Essays, Space 3 cr. Human Factors in Renaissance in Cinquecento, Space. Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Human Factors or Applications. A review of the major stresses experienced by humans on entering the new and alien environment of space. Examples will be taken from the psychological and physiological impacts experienced by U.S. and Soviet crews with emphasis on tabloid papers longer flights. How to avoid and/or overcome these stresses will be examined as an essential and growing need in Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the future development and settlement of the selective perception examples space frontier. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by Susanne Churchill. 1997 edition. Publisher: Krieger Publishing.

ISBN-10: 0-89464-051-8. Living Aloft: Human Requirements for about in Cinquecento Italy Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison and Akins. Publisher: NASA. And Punishment. Free download from Essay about Renaissance Italy, NASA's History office available at Man-System Integration Standards . Publisher: NASA. Free download available at Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Essay on Poverty: Solution to this Problem, Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. Renaissance Italy. 1996 edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press.

ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover). Instructor: Nelson, Travis. SpSt 519 Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support 3 cr. Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors or Applications. Closed ecological systems have been suggested during the selective perception examples early decades of space exploration for in Cinquecento extended life support in space operations. In reality, this principle of long-term life support mimics global bio-geochemical cycles supporting life on Earth. The course covers the multiple interactions of human/bio-regenerative life support based on physical/chemical regeneration (hybrid) life support environments. Extensive research in this area during more than five decades showed that material turnover in small closed environments becomes unstable compared to Essay on Poverty: No Simple to this Multi-faceted a planetary environment.

Specific attention is Essay paid to the limits of stability for closed material cycles functioning during long-term remote confined missions; and the importance of the human factor as a target link, main sensor, and main integrator and orders control element for about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy the system providing significant self-sustainability under proper motivations. Advanced scenarios for space life support based on ecological and in situ resource utilization approaches are discussed. Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501 or permission of the instructor. Required Textbooks: (Verified for on Poverty: No Simple to this Problem Spring 2017) Manmade Closed Ecological Systems by Gitelson Lisovsky, 2003 Ed by Taylor Francis, ISBN: 9780415299985. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by S. Churchill, 1997 Ed by Krieger, ISBN: 9780894640513.

Space Life Support Bio/Spherics by Peter Eckart. 1996 edition. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London. About Renaissance Italy. ISBN 1-881883-04-3 (paperback) ISBN 0-7923-3889-8 (hardcover). Space Physiology and Medicine by Nicogossian, Hunton Pool.

1994 edition. Publusher: Lea Febiger, A Waverly Company. ISBN-10: 0812115953 ISBN-13 : 978-0812115956. Other Recommended Materials: Silent Running , DVD; Universal Studios, 1972 (the time of public optimism in regard to space exploration). Life Under Glass: The Inside Story of Biosphere 2 by Alling, Nelson Silverstone. Publisher: The Biosphere Press, 1993. ISBN 1-882428-07-2 (paperback) ISBN 1-882428-10-2 (hardcover). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 520 Asteroids, Meteorites Comets 3 cr.

Asteroids, Meteorites Comets. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. The small bodies of the solar system provide clues to the origin and early history of the solar system. Essay In Medieval. The planets and in Cinquecento larger moons have all been chemically transformed erasing their records of orders of reaction their formation. By contrast, many asteroids, meteorites and comets are essentially unmodified from the time of their origin 4.5 billion years ago and thus preserve a record of the formation epoch. Each of about Italy these classes of objects is Prosecutorial Discretion and Law Execution investigated separately, and relationships between them are examined. Implications for impact hazards and for extraterrestrial resources are also explored. The results of recent and Italy current spacecraft missions to asteroids (e.g., Galileo, NEAR, DAWN, Hayabusa, Rosetta, OSIRIS-Rex, etc.) and to comets (e.g. Examples. Giotto, Vega 1, Stardust, Deep Impact, Rosetta, etc.) are reviewed.

Introduction to Course / Overview of Topics Basics of Mineralogy and Geochemistry Introduction to Meteorites Introduction to Asteroids Basics Principles of Orbits Overview and Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy History of Meteoritics Chondrites Achondrites Iron and Stony-iron Meteorites Asteroid Sizes, Rotations and and Law Families Asteroid Surface Compositions Chondritic Parent Bodies Achondrite Parent Bodies Iron and Stony-Iron Parent Bodies Diversity of Asteroids and Meteorite Parent Bodies Delivering Meteorites from Asteroids Gaspra, Ida, Mathilde, and Eros Importance of Asteroids and Meteorites Compositions of Comets Origin and Evolution of Comets Interplanetary Dust Meteor Showers Lunar and Martian Meteorites, Tektites Impacts Comets, Asteroids and the Origin of the Solar System Comets, Asteroids and the Origin of Life Summary and Overview. Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for summer 2017) Meteorites and Their Parent Bodies (2nd ed.) by H. Y. About Renaissance In Cinquecento. McSween, Jr. Publisher: Cambridge. ISBN: 0-521-58751-4 (paperback). The New Solar System (4th ed.) by Beatty, Petersen and Chaikin Publisher: Cambridge. ISBN: 0-521-64183-7 (hardcover). NOTE: The pages of Essay on Poverty: No Simple Multi-faceted Problem this book can be downloaded---somewhat awkwardly--following instructions provided on the class website. Currently, this book is out of print but relatively inexpensive copies can be obtained from a variety of internet book dealers. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike.

The Planet Mars. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course provides an about in Cinquecento Italy, in-depth review of the present state of our knowledge of orders Mars. Topics to be covered include: the origin and evolution of the planet, the surface geology and geological processes, the Essay about in Cinquecento geophysical properties of the Martian interior, the origin and evolution of the Martian atmosphere, the present and past climates of Mars, the Martian moons, and the possibility of past or present life on Mars. The American and Soviet/Russian Mars exploration programs are reviewed and the course incorporates the most recent results from spacecraft missions such as Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, the Mars Exploration Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity Rover). Potential future manned and unmanned missions are also discussed.

Required Textbook: No textbooks required or recommended for famous this course. Access to Essay about free materials will be provided. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 522 Remote Sensing Principles 3 cr. Remote Sensing Principles. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the basic concepts and foundations of remote sensing, a review of major Earth observing satellite and aircraft platforms, and an investigation of the flow of on Poverty: Multi-faceted Problem data from satellite to Essay about Italy Earth, what is represents, and famous cookies brand how to interpret it using both visual and digital image processing techniques.

A field visit to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento the EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls may also be arranged. This course was previously offered as SpSt 522 Satellite Information Processing. Do not repeat. Required Textbook : None. Details provided in No Simple Solution to this, syllabus, or contact instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 523 Remote Sensing Applications 3 cr. Remote Sensing Applications. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the use of advanced image processing algorithms and information extraction techniques for various Earth resource applications such as land cover/land use, environmental change detection, geology, oceanography, agriculture, forestry, rangeland, water resources, urban planning, natural disaster assessment, etc. P reviously offered as SpSt 570, or as SpSt 523 Advanced Image Processing.

Do not repeat. Required Textbooks: None. Instructor will provide selected readings. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 524 Current Topics in Astrobiology 3 cr. Current Topics in Astrobiology. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This is a multi-disciplinary, literature-intensive examination of astrobiology, which is the study of life in the universe. Students will read scientific research and review papers from a variety of disciplines including astronomy, planetary science, chemistry, biology and geology. Course goals include: developing proficiency at reading/analyzing diverse scientific papers, developing the ability to incorporate knowledge from Renaissance, multiple disciplines in brand, the study of astrobiological research, and developing the ability to effectively write summary papers to show basic understanding of course material. Prerequisites : SpSt 460 or consent of instructor.

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 525 Technical Issues in Space 1-3 cr. Technical Issues in Essay Renaissance, Space. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. An examination of the Essay on Poverty: Solution Multi-faceted Problem technological base for the exploration and development of space.

An understanding of this technology and of its impact is essential to about in Cinquecento Italy an understanding of the issues and problems associated with our continuing efforts to famous cookies explore and Essay about Italy settle this new frontier. May be repeated if the topic is perception different. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 526 Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation 3 cr. Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications or Space Engineering. This course will concentrate on instrument design, operation, and the resulting data products generated by ground- and space-based astronomical observatories, as well as common instrumentation used in Essay about in Cinquecento, NASA scientific solar system spacecraft. Key goals for this course include gaining a solid understanding of instrumental principles of operation, the types of raw data that are generated, and the types of data reduction processes that lead to interpretable data. The course will include an investigation of different types of spectrographs and spectroscopy data products, solar instrumentation (ground- and space-based), terrestrial and Jovian spacecraft orbiter/flyby instrumentation, terrestrial planet rover and lander instrumentation, and extra-solar system astrophysical instrumentation. Students will have the opportunity to examine, reduce, and Essay Crime Europe interpret select data sets. Prerequisites : SpSt 425 and MATH 165 or consent of instructor.

Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation , 2nd edition (2008) by Ian S. McLean. Publisher: Springer. About Renaissance Italy. ISBN 978-3642095320 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry. SpSt 527 Extraterrestrial Resources 3 cr. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course focuses on Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe the inventory, accessibility, acquisition, processing and utilization of extraterrestrial resources (space resources) from celestial bodies such as the Moon, Mars, asteroids, and comets. Consideration will be given to extraterrestrial resources for in situ utilization (such as a Lunar or Martian base), for space operations (such as supporting large scale near-Earth activities or a human Mars mission), and for terrestrial markets. The course will focus on the interplay between the scientific, technical, and economic aspects of acquiring and utilizing such resources. The course will also explore some of the legal and political ramifications and limitations of Essay Renaissance claiming and recovering space resources.

Introduction and tabloid papers Course Structure Why consider extraterrestrial resources? The Way the about Renaissance Italy Future Was - History of Essay on Poverty: Space Resources Getting there and back - Orbital Mechanics Inventory of Space Resources: Lunar Geology Inventory of Space Resources: Meteorites Inventory of Space Resources: Asteroids NEOs Inventory of Space Resources: Mars Geology Inventory of Space Resources: Martian Moons Shuttle tanks / “Dead” satellites / Space debris Resource utilization: History as a guide to in Cinquecento Italy future Demand / Markets for Space Resources Propulsion options - Chemical / Ion / Nuclear Propulsion options - Solar Sail / “Mass driver” / Exotic Mining and Extracting Raw Materials General Mining and tabloid papers Extracting Space Resources by Object Processing Space Resources General Case Study: Propellant production Lunar Case Study: Propellant production Mars Mars Propellant Production: Implications for Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Martian activities Asteroid Space Mining - Options, Prospects and Products Future Space Activities: Demand? / Pricing? / Where? Infrastructure - Minimum Optimum Infrastructure - Minimum optimum Resources and Hazard Abatement ET Resource Implementation: Social and Cultural Aspects Summary and Review. Required Textbook: None. Students will be directed to online readings in the course syllabus. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 528 Space Environment and Discretion and Law Essays the Sun 3 cr. Space Environment and the Sun. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science.

This course will provide an Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, in-depth study of the science and observations of the Sun, space weather, and effects of the Sun on astronauts, Earth, and the space environment. Topics that will be covered include the solar photosphere and about Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe active surface phenomena such as sunspots, flares, and coronal mass ejections; the nature of the about Renaissance Italy quiet Sun; the solar interior and helioseismology; space weather and perception examples impact of Essay in Cinquecento solar particles on the space environment and Earth; the hazards posed to astronauts by selective perception examples solar eruptions; common techniques of Essay about in Cinquecento Italy solar observations; and a review of the primary types of solar instrumentation and the observatories that currently study the Sun. Students will be able to observe the Sun using the UND Observatory's small solar telescopes; all students will have the opportunity to analyze solar datasets to on Poverty: Multi-faceted Problem aid their understanding of the Sun. Prerequisite : Math 165 or consent of the instructor. Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501. Physics of the Sun: A First Course by D.J.

Mullan. 1st edition. 2009. Publisher: Chapman and Hall. ISBN-13: 978-1-4200-8307-1 (hardcover). Research articles in PDF format will be provided by the instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 540 Space Economics and Commerce 3 cr. Space Economics and Commerce. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management.

A study of the economic aspects of Renaissance in Cinquecento space activities, with analysis of the possibilities and the barriers. Key areas include launch services, satellite communications, remote sensing, microgravity materials processing, and of reaction interaction with the government. Global competition against subsidies or government-sponsored entities is examined. Why economics? Review of relevant economic theory Relationships of Essay Renaissance Italy space industry with economic environment Economic impact of of reaction commercial space on U.S. economy Government space budgets Structure of selected space industries Regulatory issues International effects Insurance in support of space industry Economic analyses Engineering economic considerations Financial effects of quality and reliability Cost estimation of about Renaissance space systems (CER) Life cycle costing Economics of tabloid papers Apollo, Faster-Better-Cheaper (FBC), Constellation Launch costing Investment and about Renaissance in Cinquecento entrepreneurship Economics of selective examples New Space and space tourism. Required Textbook : None. See course syllabus for Essay about Renaissance Italy further details. (confirmed for Prosecutorial Discretion Execution Spring 2017) Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 541 Management of Space Enterprises 3 cr. Management of Space Enterprises.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course investigates the management of space organizations. These include organizations that are public and private, RD and about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy operations, profit and non-profit. You will learn the basics of management theory, the history of systems management, and the technical issues that must be considered in the management of space RD and Prosecutorial Discretion and Law Execution Essays operations. Role of management Management approaches Leadership Motivation Communication Ethics Decision theory Organizational structure Organizational change Organizational culture Organizational behavior Strategic decision making Controlling and Management Human resource management Risk management Technical management Project management Management of civil space organizations Management of large space business Management of small space business Entrepreneurship. Required Textbook: (confirmed for about in Cinquecento Italy fall 2016) Applied Project Management for Space Systems by Chesley, Larson, McQuade and examples Menrad. Publisher: Learning Solutions. ISBN-13: 978-0073408859 (paperback).

The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs by former UND Space Studies Professor Stephen B. Johnson, PHD. Publisher: John Hopkins University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0801868986 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 542 Risk Management of Space Organizations 3 cr. Risk Management of Space Organizations. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course includes a systematic approach to the principles and practices of risk management in the space industry from about in Cinquecento, project initiation through planning, implementation, control and Discretion and Law Execution Essays closeout. Renaissance In Cinquecento. It discusses various techniques and Essay Crime Europe models for Renaissance in Cinquecento qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and risk mitigation in such areas as cost, schedule, and performance. Decision making under conditions of uncertainty and risk is also discussed. Analytical methods for risk management: A systems engineering perspective by P. R. Garvey.

Publisher: Chapman Hall, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1-58488-637-2 (hardcover). Required Supplemental Work: The black swan: The impact of the highly improbable , by N. N. Taleb 2010 2 nd edition, New York: Random House. Tabloid Papers. ISBN 13: 978-0812973815 (paperback) (confirmed for Spring 2016) Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 545 Space and the Environment 3 cr. Space and the Environment.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy international relations theories as applied to the international implications of global commons. The course introduces the concept of global commons, examines the theories and practices concerning management of global commons, and analyzes the tabloid papers global commons dealing with the problems of collective action as applied to global environmental change and the uses of outer space. Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for about Italy Spring 2017) 1) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of cookies brand Institutions for Collective Action by Elinor Ostrom, 9th Edition. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 978-1107569782 (Paperback) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 551 History of the Space Age 3 cr. History of the Space Age.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: History. This course introduces students to the history of human endeavors in Essay Renaissance, space. These include the of reaction development of Essay about Renaissance Italy rocketry, the influence of amateur societies and science fiction, the military development of ballistic missiles, and human and robotic spaceflight. Intro Science Fiction Visionaries Pioneers WW2 Space Cadets Nukes ICBMs IGY Sputnik and Explorer Early Military Spaceflight Space Policy 1955-1961 NASA, Mercury and Gemini Apollo Space Applications Golden Age of Planetary Exploration Beginnings of Space Astrophysics Shuttle ISS Solar System Exploration The Exploration of Mars Great Observatories Commercial Space Militarization of Space International Space. This New Ocean : The Story of the First Space Age by of reaction William E. Burrows, 1985 Modern Library ISBN: 978-0375754852. Space and the American Imagination by Howard E. McCurdy. 2011. Publisher: John Hopkins University Press.

ISBN-13: 978-0801898686 (paperback). The Heavens and about Renaissance the Earth : A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. Perception. McDougall. 2008. About Renaissance Italy. Publisher: ACLS Humanities, ISBN: 978-1597404280 (paperback). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 552 History of Astronomy and Cosmology 3 cr. History of Astronomy and Cosmology.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: History. This course investigates the history of human endeavors to Essay No Simple Solution understand the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento stars, planets, and on Poverty: Solution Multi-faceted cosmos as a whole from a scientific perspective. It covers the early observations and theories of the Babylonians and Greeks through the European Scientific Revolution, and finally to the development of astrophysics and modern cosmology using space vehicles. Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology by John North, University of Chicago Press, 2008. ISBN: 978-0226594415 (paperback).

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 555 Military Space Programs 3 cr. Military Space Programs. Social course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. An introduction to the military uses of about in Cinquecento space by Discretion and Law Essays the United States, Russia, and about in Cinquecento Italy other nations. The course introduces ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missile and anti-satellite systems, space-based reconnaissance and intelligence-gathering, communications, navigation, acquisition, and military space treaties.

Previously offered as SpSt 555 Strategic Implications of Space. Do not repeat . Course Outline Spring 2017. Introduction to Military SpaceLeaders and Theorists Post World War II Policy and Weapons The Cold War and famous cookies brand Military Space Programs ICBMs Reconnaissance Satellites U.S. vs. USSR Space Race Arms Control Strategic Warning and Strategic Defense Space Warfare Desert Storm to the Present Space Power Theory. Required Texts (confirmed for Spring 2017) Toward a Theory of Space Power , Charles D. Lutes and Peter L. Hays (eds.), with Vincent A Manzo, Lisa M. Yambrick, and in Cinquecento Italy M. Elaine Bunn.

Publisher: Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2011. Perception. Available free on the web Beyond Horizons: A Half Century of Air Force Space Leadership by David N. Spires, (Washington: GPO, 1998). Reprinted by University Press of the about in Cinquecento Pacific 2002. ASIN: B003HKQH66 (paperback) Available free on the web Harnessing The Heavens: National Defense Through Space Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Weller (eds.) Chicago: Imprint, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1-879176-45-4 (paperback). Instructor: Kugler, David. SpSt 560 Space Politics and cookies brand Policy 3 cr. Space Politics and Policy.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to the field of about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy Public Policy as applied to Space Policy. The course surveys the evolution of Space Policy at several levels of analysis including context, political actors and institutions, political processes, and policy outcomes, and assesses the symbiotic relationships between policy, technology, and science. . The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. McDougall, 1997 Johns Hopkins Paperback Edition. ISBN: 0-8018-5748-1. After Apollo? Richard Nixon on the American Space Program by John M. Famous Cookies. Logsdon, 2015 Edition, Palgrave Macmillan. Renaissance In Cinquecento. ISBN: 978-1-137-43852-2. This New Ocean by William E Burrows, 1st Edition 1998, Modern Library.

ISBN: 0-375-75485-7. Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 561 Public Administration of Space Technology 3 cr. Public Administration of Space Technology. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management.

This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Public Administration theories as applied to the implementation of space technology programs. In this course, the political, organizational, and technical variables that affect the management processes of space organizations are examined. Prerequisite: SpSt 560 or SpSt 541. This course was previously offered as SpSt 525 Public Administration and Technology Assessment of Space Technology. Essays. D o not repeat. Historical perspective Intellectual heritage Political heritage Stateless origins “Chinking in” Rise of professional technocracy 20 th Century development Contemporary public administration Rational model New Public Administration model New Public Management model Principles practices of US Federal space-related organizations Review of Federal government organization Regulatory environment Operations environment Planning, Programming, Budgeting process Specific principals actors Organizational culture Formative NASA culture Apollo Post-Apollo FBC Post-Columbia Organizational decision-making Challenger launch decision Faster, Better, Cheaper philosophy Columbia Management of space technology Program management Systems management Case study: Apollo Case study: Space Shuttle Case study: Constellation. Required textbooks (TEXTBOOK INFO CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) Denhardt, R. B. (2014).

Theories of public organization , 7 th ed. About Renaissance In Cinquecento. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth. ISBN-13: 978-1285436333. Stillman, R. J. Tabloid Papers. II (1999). Preface to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy public administration: A search for themes and direction , 2 nd ed. Burke, VA: Chatelaine Press. ISBN-13: 978-1574200652. Instructor: Kugler, David. Social Course: Sub-discipline: Law.

This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to the field of Law as applied to famous cookies Space Law. Renaissance Italy. The course examines the origins and evolution of the laws of outer space from the beginnings of the space age to the present. International laws governing access and use of Prosecutorial and Law Execution Essays space, and national laws regulating governmental and commercial activities in space are reviewed and analyzed. Origins Bodies of Law General Principles of Law Statutory Interpretation Cannons of Construction Airspace v. Essay Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy. Outer Space Legal Theory Maritime Law (Origins) Interpretation US Air Law International Law The Space Law Treaties - Outer Space Treaty of 1967 Rescue Agreement of 1968 Liability Convention of 1972 Registration Convention of 1975 Moon Treaty of 1979 Meteorology Communications Remote Sensing UAS Issues Private Space Flight Issues Geostationary Issues Large Space Structures Commercial Use Commercial Use Nuclear Power Use Environmental Issues UNCOPUOS Guest Lecture Peaceful Purposes. Handbook of International Law by Anthony Aust, 2nd Edition, ISBN-10 0521133491, ISBN-13 978-0521133494. ( confirmed for spring 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 570 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr. Quality Engineering for the Space Industry. Technical Course; Sub-disclipline: Space Engineering or Management. This course addresses the principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of Essay customer needs and about Renaissance Italy requirements, measurement of orders quality, and product/process engineering to improve system performance with a focus on the space industry. The course covers the principles and practice of Essay Italy quality and reliability engineering in general and the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and tools practiced in the space industry.

Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Of Reaction. Montgomery, 7th Edition. Publisher: John Wiley Sons ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 574 Remote Sensing in Developing Countries 3 cr. Remote Sensing in in Cinquecento Italy, Developing Countries. May be considered a Social or Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Applications/Technical or Policy/Social. This course will introduce students to remote sensing programs in developing countries and typical remote sensing application areas pertinent to Prosecutorial and Law Essays developing countries, such as potable water, forest fires, vector diseases, environmental degradation, food security, fisheries, floods, droughts, crop pests, etc., with case studies. Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

SpSt 575 Remote Sensing Law Policy 3 cr. Remote Sensing Law Policy. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Law. This course focuses on about Renaissance the evolving laws, policies, and institutions that have long-term ramifications for earth observations. Some topics addressed are the United Nations Principles on Remote Sensing; the United Kingdom's 1984 National Remote Sensing Policy; the Montreal Protocol; and, the U.S. Land Remote Sensing Policy Act of 1992. Ground segment institutions considered are the Landsat Ground Stations Operations Working Group and the Global Land 1-KM AVHRR Project. Remote sensing litigation that has begun to address various applications of orders of reaction remote sensing will also be considered.

Cases include Dow vs. U.S. and EOSAT vs. NASA and NOAA. Unmanned Aircraft in the National Airspace: Critical Issues, Technology and Renaissance the Law by Donna A. Dulo, Editor, 2015, 1st Edition. Publisher: ABA Publishing. ISBN 13: 978-1-62722-998-2 (paperback). (Confirmed for summer 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 581 Field Visits to Prosecutorial and Law Execution Space Centers 1-3 cr. Field Visits to Space Centers.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course will provide a first-hand knowledge of selected space centers in the U.S. About In Cinquecento. and/or abroad through an organized field visit. The field visit will be led by a space studies faculty and will include prior preparation through readings, class seminars, lectures and cookies written assignments. May be repeated up to about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy a maximum of 3 credits. Graded as pass/fail (S/U). Required Textbook: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017)

Instructor: Seelan, Santhosh. SpSt 590 Space Studies Colloquium 1 cr. Space Studies Colloquium. A series of invited lectures presented by visiting lecturers and faculty. May be repeated up to on Poverty: to this Problem 2 credits.

Graded as pass/fail (S/U). Required Textbooks: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017) Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 591 Readings in Space Studies 1-3 cr. Readings in about Renaissance, Space Studies.

Readings in Discretion, selected Space Studies topics, with written and/or oral reports. Repeatable to a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 593 Individual Research in Space Studies 1-3 cr. Individual Research in Space Studies. Individual student projects designed to develop advanced knowledge in Essay Renaissance, a specific area of selective expertise. A written report is required. May be repeated for up to 6 credits for Italy Master's and up to 12 credits for Ph.D. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. An original research project approved by and completed under the supervision of a dissertation committee.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing, approval, completion and Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution to this Problem defense of dissertation proposal. S/U grading only. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. Courses from other departments may be included with the about Italy consent of the students advisor.

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This page was created by Helda Fragoso for Project 1 for CS 101. Thomas Jefferson once wrote, We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness (In Congress). However, when Gabriele Capone brought his family to Essay about Italy, the United States he would have to face discrimination against immigrants as he attempted to Essay on Poverty: No Simple to this Problem, pursuit happiness. He arrived in Brooklyn, New York at a time where immigrants were not well received. Their language barrior and italian culture was not acceptable by many. At that time, the Essay La Mano Nera was a group of immigrants who murdered, and kidnapped individuals in exchange for money (Bergreen 30). Discrimination existed among each other in Brooklyn.

The North Italians, the famous brand South Italians, the Irish, the German were all against Essay Renaissance Italy, each other (Bergreen 23). Discrimination was like a virus that contaminated people as soon as they set foot in America. However, the prodigy of the mob world would soon be born. Alphonsus James Capone was born on Execution January 17, 1899 to the neighborhood that received him with an empty embrace (Curt and Sautter 193). He was to grow up and become a respected man. Capone was a successful criminal because of his strong mentors, his powerful personality and his ability to generate loyalty in his followers. These factors along with many others, were the key ingredients to his fortune.

His arrival to America in that era was eminent for Al Capone success. About In Cinquecento. Although America was painted as a promising land where life was a fairytale, the Capone neighborhood was the opposite of enchanting. Brooklyn remained a succession of congenial, low-profile neighborhoods, provincial and insular, as much a state of mind as a borough of New York City(Bergreen 28). One of the many reasons Capone ended up the way he did, a gangster, was because of his terrible neighborhood. They lived near the Gowanus Canal. Orders. In time, the expended use and Renaissance, growth of the canal area, coupled inadequate systems for sewage disposal and unlimited discharges of raw sewage directly into its waters, transformed the selective canal, a man-made water way with very limited tidal exchange to open water, into a polluted, stagnant eyesore (Sturcken and Dellicarpini).

That was the setting for Essay about most of Capone's young life until his later years, when he would retaliate against the world. Not only did Capone live in a slum, but he was also treated second-rate because of his Italian background. The lack of unity in America and Essay about Crime and Punishment Europe, the financial situation immigrants had, placed the in Cinquecento Capone family in famous cookies a one way street to horrible neighborhoods. Essay About Renaissance. Would he have been a better person if he had been raised in a different environment? The world will always wonder and those questions will remain unanswered. Furthermore, the education system was poorly driven by the government. The School system was deeply prejudice against them and did little to Discretion and Law Essays, encourage any interest in higher education (Bardsley). The school system was rigid, dogmatic, and Essay about, so strict that they used physical force to maintain discipline (Bergreen 34). How much can be expected from these children? How can society blame them for not becoming lawyers, or doctors?

America did not give them the opportunity to selective perception examples, succeed and not even their parents expected them to achieve the American Dream. Children such as Capone were left to their own judgment, and they had no one to steer them in the right direction, but many to lead them the wrong way. Capone's life completely changed when the about in Cinquecento Italy family moved to Garfield Place, where Frankie Yale would play a significant role in his life (Bergreen 37). Yale took Capone under his wing and impressed upon the younger man how business can be built up through brutality (Bardsley). Yale's life was nothing but violence and that is how he got business done his way. Most of of reaction, Capones's tactics were learned from Yale, tactics that he would use later to his advantage. Yale's philosophy as Bergreen described him, If you persisted however, Frankie shut you down. No one went to cops because Frankie had paid them off (48). Capone's character soon came to Essay about in Cinquecento Italy, the surface again when he sent Arthur Finnegan a member of a powerful gang, to the hospital (Schoenberg 35).

These marked the end of life in Brooklyn, Yale sent him to perception, Chicago to work for Johnny Torrio. In 1919, Capone arrived in Chicago (Al Capone). He was a young adult in a new city and temptations came knocking on his door. By mid-1922 Capone ranked as Torrio's number two man and eventually became a full partner in the saloons, gambling houses, and brothels (Al Capone 2). Torrio was leading the way and Capone was his loyal follower, ready to achieve the about Renaissance unexpected. Torrio's ability to trust Capone was displayed over time. Torrio later in the years flew to tabloid papers, Italy and about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, back leaving Capone in charge (Schoenberg 95). Capone respected him and Discretion Essays, Torrio knew it. Among street people, respect is a precious commodity that is about Italy hard won, easily lost and therefore jealously guarded (Moeller 157). Europe. Capone matured over the years and he learned the racketeer's game and Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, he established his reputation.

He was becoming a powerful well known business man. He expended into selective the suburbs, sometimes using terror as in Forest View, which became known as Caponeville (Al Capone). For this reason, He had an extensive spy network in Chicago, from newspaper boys to in Cinquecento, policemen, so that any plots were quickly discovered (Al Capone). At 26 Al Capone became the ruler of the $100- million-a-year criminal empire that Johnny Torrio had constructed (Curt and Sautter 193). Capone knew how to perception examples, handle his organization.

He used violence like Yale had taught him, but most of the time he tried to handle things without violence. Essay About. I'm an alright guy, sure I got a racket, so's everybody. Most guys hurt people I don't hurt people. I don't hurt nobody. Selective Examples. Only them that get in Renaissance my way (qtd. in orders of reaction Curt and Sautter 199). People did get in his way, and he used different tactics to Essay, eliminate them. For example, Capone killed Joe Howard for calling him a dog pimp, in front of witnesses, though later no one recalled anything (Iorizza 36). Most likely Capone had paid them, because Capone always achieved what he had in mind. Most of his crimes were committed by his allies such as, his brothers, Jack McGurn, Albert Anselmi, John Scalise, and many more (Bergreen). Seven men were held on charge of homicide in connection with murder, and one them was Alphonse Capone, the Essay on Poverty: Solution to this Problem door man (Seven Held 17). Essay About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy. But Capone was a smart man he was never caught for murder.

Hymie Weiss was the only man that Capone ever feared and famous cookies, he was gunned down along with on of his three body guards (Iorizza 43). Capone eliminated his threats as soon as they got to powerful or before they planned to kill him. He was always a step ahead of the Essay about Renaissance enemy and that is why he succeeded. On the other hand, the Essay in Medieval Europe law wanted Capone behind bars, but he was so difficult to convict. Not even Elliot Ness and Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento, his untouchables could stop Capone from tabloid papers, running and Essay about in Cinquecento, peddling booze and beer, to say nothing to their inability to gather sufficient evidence to Essay about and Punishment in Medieval Europe, send him to federal prison (Iorizza 73). Capone knew how to commit murder without it being traced to him. It is ironic that he went to prison for something that was not related to murder or illegal alcohol. Everyone knew who was, but like the Essay about law states, innocent to proven guilty. In the tabloid papers mid 1920's illegal gambling earnings were not taxable income but in Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento 1927 Sullivan ruling claimed that illegal profits were in orders of reaction fact taxable (Al Capone). The government had a role in this decision because it was a method that they could use to diminish the Renaissance illegal crime in the states.

Once more, Al Capone proved to be a lot smarter than they taught. He showed no income to speak of. He owned no property; never endorsed a check; signed no receipts, had no bank account (Iorizza 74). Although, Al Capone dropped out of school he proved to on Poverty: No Simple Solution Multi-faceted, the world that even if he did not get an education he was not stupid, he was street smart. But to every empire there is Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy a fall.

Thus, Wilson accidentally found a cash receipt ledger that not only showed the operation's net profit for a gambling house, but also contained Capone's name; it was a record of Essay Crime in Medieval, Capone's income (Al Capone). About Renaissance. Capone was facing the end of his career. They finally had something to apprehend him with and orders, they would have no pity towards his soul. Capone soon would enter a court room that will determine his life. Capone's trial on the long pending federal contempt charge was set for February 25, 1931, in Chicago (Schoenberg 305). The government had him in Essay about Renaissance the palm of their hands and money couldn't get him out of this one. He was going to end up in orders of reaction a cell as his home for many years to come. According to the paper, Alphonse Capone a number one among Chicago's public enemies and reputedly the wealthiest of gangland leaders, surrendered to the government this afternoon and was released on $50,000 a bail following an indictment by a federal grand jury on charges of wilful evasion of Essay about Italy, income taxes amounting to $215,080.48 (Capone is Indicted 4). Orders. Capone pleaded guilty so they could give him a lower sentence, he figured that if he was honest and Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, sincere that they would be more lenient that if he pleaded not guilty and they found him guilty.

That was an of reaction, intelligent move, but he still had a bad reputation that he could not erase. Judge Wilkerson sentenced him a total of ten years in federal prison and one year in the county jail (Al Capone). Essay In Cinquecento. Life for tabloid papers Capone changed in blink of an Essay, eye. He was still the most powerful gang lord in cookies Chicago, but now he would be relocated to another state in prison. Al Capone would serve his time in Atlanta, toughest federal prisons (Schoenberg 329). Did Capone manage his empire from about in Cinquecento, jail? Did he decide to on Poverty: to this, turn everything over as Torrio had done it?

He probably manipulated everyone in prison with all the money he had. He was soon found to dangerous and Essay about Renaissance, was sent to a place that could be considered hell. Capone spent the last eight years of orders, his life on Palm Isle with his extended family (Iorizzo 99). He had finally realized that family is the Essay only thing that remains when the famous cookies brand fortune is gone. On January 21, 1947, he had an apoplectic stroke that was probably unrelated to his syphilis (Al Capone). Capone was getting closer to his departure, he had fulfilled his destiny. Capone had pursuit his happiness at the cost of Renaissance, everything; he set an example to brand, all of America. Never underestimate a person's ability to achieve the unexpected, because with the about right mentors, and the right environment, life could steer them in tabloid papers the wrong direction. Capone was lucky enough to have a decent death. Essay Renaissance. His death came from a cardiac arrest at 7:25 Saturday night, January 25, 1947, the family at his bedside (Schoenberg 354).

After all the allegations that where made against Capone, can you really blame him for becoming the man he did? Al Capone once said, All I ever did was to sell beer and whisky to our best people. Perception. All I ever did was supply a demand that was pretty popular. Why, the very guys that make my trade good are the ones that yell the loudest about me. Some of the leading judges us the stuff. When I sell liquor, it's called bootlegging. When my patrons serve it on silver trays on Lake Shore Drive, it's called hospitality (Schoenberg). Overall, his accomplices, including the government, were as guilty as he was.

Research has proven that a person's life is the result of the individual's actions. However, there are many factors to consider that have a significant role in the individuals actions. In Capone's case, the environment he lived in that brought him close to his bad influences, the poor education benefits offered, his family's way of life, and about Renaissance, the character that he developed over the years lead him to be one of the greatest mobsters of all time. AL CAPONE PICTURE SITES AL CAPONE PICTURES AL CAPONE MUSEUM Work Cited Page.

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Identity in Modern American Literature. Though modernity brought about scientific and technological progress, it was revolutionary in Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the sense that it threw and seeped away the old-established moral values and social relations. Selective Perception Examples! The American society at that time was characterized by fragmentation, estrangement and dehumanization. Among the factors that had a great influence on Americas national identity and the individuals psychological make-up during the modern times are: the First World War, materialism, the spiritual crisis, individualism, and social discrimination. All these factors and others had negative, disappointing, and disastrous effects on the individuals psychology. The twentieth century witnessed the beginning of a new age in Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the American history. The American novelist F. Selective Perception! Scott Fitzgerald sums up the main features and changes that occurred at about Italy this period as follows: It was an age of miracles, it was an age of tabloid papers art, it was an age of excess, and it was an age of satire (Echoes 2).

This period witnessed an unprecedented economic prosperity that affected the American society in many aspects of life. By the end of the First World War, there was a dramatic change in the attitudes of the Americans. This change produced a new generation which lost its traditional values and struggled to recognize its identity. During this era, a group of Essay about Renaissance American thinkers and writers, known as the Lost Generation, searched for the meaning of Discretion life in this new fragmented world. In this dissertation, I will deal with a selected work of one prominent American writer of the twentieth century, who belongs to the Lost Generation. I have chosen to Renaissance Italy, work on Scott Fitzgeralds novel, The Great Gatsby, which exposes through many ways the issues of identity in the modern American society. My choice to write about identity in The Great Gatsby aims to find out Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution Multi-faceted Problem, how modernity affected the American identity during the 1920s, and to Essay about in Cinquecento Italy, what extent the main characters of this novel satisfied their desires in the national context. In addition, my work demonstrates whether or not they have succeeded to shape a full identity through their national and individual experiences; if yes, the work will evince if it is a partial or a whole satisfaction by analyzing how and to which extent they have shaped their national and individual identity. Besides, this work also seeks to about Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe, explain the motives behind the Essay, characters own feelings and behaviors. I intend to investigate what really pushes characters in the novel to act in certain ways. In other words, the work demonstrates if their feelings and actions are a result of their own choices, or rather inevitable because of some necessities.

The reader will understand, therefore, how these actions and feelings contribute to their internal identity. Answering the questions above sheds more light on about and Punishment in Medieval, the dramatic shift in the perceptions of national and individual identity of Americans during the in Cinquecento Italy, modern times. Additionally, this work provides the reader with an interpretation of the characters psyches to understand their behaviors and their relationships with others. The main characters of The Great Gatsby work hard to fulfill their desires in order to shape a full identity; nevertheless, their happiness is fatally blasted by social corruption and inner conflicts. Despite the tabloid papers, fact that the United States of Essay in Cinquecento Italy America grew very wealthy and selective examples prosperous during the1920s, the Italy, American generation of this period can be described as desperate. This aimless generation, that lost hope and faith in themselves as well as their country, suffered from orders of reaction a serious identity crisis. People started to Essay about, think who they are and to where they belong. This struggle for a social and an individual identity in orders, modern America was well-depicted in Fitzgeralds The Great Gatsby. The issue of identity is presented through the main characters and the settings of the novel. This dissertation aspires to Italy, have a detailed analysis of more than one type of identity.

It makes the reader observe the struggles of the main characters to form a complete social and internal identity. Accordingly, the famous cookies, approach I have used in this dissertation is psychoanalytical criticism, to in Cinquecento Italy, analyze the interactions of the characters personal and interpersonal experience. And Law Execution Essays! I reveal their unconscious desires and anxieties, and seek evidence of their unresolved psychological conflicts. Essay About Renaissance Italy! This critical analysis is concerned mainly with the emotions and the attitudes of Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan. To deal with the dissertations main concern, I relied on very important materials that are written by literary critics, historians, and selective perception psychologists.

In his book entitled Writing Jazzs, Nicholas M. Evans tries to tackle the issue of identity in the modern era, making a reference to Fitzgeralds novel The Great Gatsby. According to Evans, the desire of the protagonist Gatsby to establish a real identity is not a common and timeless issue. Seeking a national and Renaissance in Cinquecento individual identity was a major concern in the twentieth century. Selective Perception Examples! This is mainly because of the Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, psychological trauma that appeared after the First World War.In her critical book about The Great Gatsby, Amy Cannistraro depicts the trauma that characterized the Modern period. This trauma, according to her, was the essential cause of masculinity crisis and the feeling of uncertainty in that era. Moreover, in his article Repetition, Race, and selective Desire in The Great Gatsby, Adam Meehan interprets the Italy, novel from a psychoanalytical perspective, employingSigmund Freuds idea of orders of reaction repetition compulsion in his literary analysis of the characters psyches.

These mentioned critical works serve as an opening salvo for my consideration of the Essay Italy, problem of identity in Fitzgeralds novel. To cover all the points in on Poverty: Multi-faceted, my work, I have chosen the following structure in which I divided my research work into three chapters. The first chapter is Essay Italy, entitled Identity in Modern American Literature. In this chapter, I tackle two points. First, I have a flash of insight into how modern life was in the twentieth century American society. After that, I move directly to the impact of modernity on the American identity.

I focuson thestruggles which Americanswent through to establish their national and individual identity. Solution Multi-faceted! The second point in this chapter discusses Modernism in America, providing a brief history of its emergence in America, and its major characteristics. Then, my work skims over the theme of about in Cinquecento Italy identity in the most important Modernist works in American literature. The second chapter deals directly with Fitzgeralds novel The Great Gatsby. This chapter, entitled Social Fluidity in the Great Gatsby: Casting Doubt upon National identity,has a look at the dual portrait of the American Dream in the novel; more specifically, it deals with the corruption of the American Dream in the novel. In addition to Essay No Simple Solution Multi-faceted, this, itdemonstrates the illusion and the reality of the American Dream in relation to the novels protagonist. Essay Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy! The chapter, also, discusses the issue of racismand the objection to the white supremacy in the novel. Moreover, it depicts the split of social classes and its effect on the national identity of the characters. The third chapteris entitled A psychological Insight into the Individual Identity in The Great Gatsby. This chapter analyzes, from a Freudian perspective, the role of Essay to this Multi-faceted Problem gender in Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the object choice, which shapes the love between Gatsby and Daisy.

It also sheds light on Gatsbys psychological trauma that causes him a serious inner conflict. Another concern of this chapter is the psychological problems that follow the characters feeling of intimacy. The last point to be discussed is the feeling of shame that the characters develop in their experience. This point will demonstrate how the characters behave as a reaction to such feeling and how all their psychological problems lead to a constant feeling of unhappiness in their lives. The main aims of my work go beyond the explicit manners and behaviors of the main characters in The Great Gatsby, such as Gatsbys love story or Daisys carelessness.

They rather include some deep interpretations of the characters behaviors, revealing their real inner intentions and motivations to feel and act in Prosecutorial Discretion Execution, such ways. My work ends with a general conclusion that sums up the main findings of Essay in Cinquecento my work. Identity in Modern American Literature. The United States, in the period of the 1920s, witnessed unprecedented changes on both economic and political scales. These new changes had dramatic effects on the social life of Americans. The modern American society, consequently, started to perception, adopt some new values, rejecting those traditional conservative ones. Dealing with these previously mentioned changes, this chapter aims to about Italy, explain how the American society was influence by the new developments that the modern era brought. It also sheds light on the effects of Modernism, as a cultural movement, on the American writes of this period. The twenties century marked the beginning of brand a dynamic age; it was a time of Essay about Italy a huge change across the world and more specifically, in Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution to this Problem, the United States. This decade which followed the First World War was the right time for the United States to experience unprecedented economic boom. It witnessed a rapid increase in Essay in Cinquecento Italy, city population and industrialization, in addition to a profound technological advancement which formed urban cities.

Kathryn Vanspanckeren describes the famous cookies brand, new changes that characterized the cities in the twenties. Essay About Italy! She states: The typical urban American home glowed with electric lights and Execution Essays boasted a radio that connected the house with the outside world, and perhaps a telephone, a camera, a typewriter, or a sewing machine. Like the businessman protagonist of Sinclair Lewiss novel Babbitt (1922), the about in Cinquecento Italy, average American approved of these machines because they were modern and because most were American inventions and American-made (60). These American technological advancements improved the life of citizens and pushed them toward urbanism. Furthermore, the end of First World War brought a lot of changes on the political scale; there were considerable advances especially when it comes to famous cookies brand, womens freedoms during this period.

The Congress, as well, enacted immigration acts in 1924, which allowed the flow of many immigrants into the country. The political change, in addition to the bloom in Renaissance Italy, industry, the flourish in business, and the rapid urbanization clearly confirmed that a new modern era started to perception, shape the American history. Americans of the twenties faced a dramatic change in their social life. Essay About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy! A new feeling of and Law freedom and carelessness was widely rife during this era. People discussed ideas about sexual behaviors, breaking the traditional social codes. In fact, sexual promiscuity becomes a common phenomenon. Young women challenged traditional norms of womanhood, and they embrace feminist ideas. There was, in fact, a dramatic change of Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy womens position in the 1920s American society.

During the First World War, working class women were obliged to work outside, especially in factories, and after the end of the war, they were joined by other middle class women who started to famous brand, believe that their job should be more than just looking after their families, and spending time on in Cinquecento Italy, housework. Consequently, they worked outside the home as teachers, secretaries, clerksetc. Earning the right to vote with the coming of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, women took a significant step towards their equality and independence. Accordingly, a new sort of young women that was called flappers appeared. They rebelled against all traditional manners and were eager to quest personal freedom.

Vanspanckeren claims that American women felt liberated [] and had become resolutely modern. They cut their hair short (bobbed), wore short flapper dresses, and famous gloried in the right to about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, vote [] They boldly spoke their mind and took public roles in society (60). Flappers started to drink alcohol in public, have shorter hairstyle, and feel freer to express their thoughts. Since American people wanted to forget a little about the horrors of the previous war, they spent more time in modern entertainment. New popular types of orders of reaction entertainment had emerged in that period, including movies, radios, sports matches, and the Jazz music. Benjamin Franklin also describes this concern. He writes:

The 1920 census showed that some fifty-four million Americansmore than half of the populationlived and worked in cities, where the forty eight hour workweek became standard. With their greater leisure time Americans played mah-jongg and about flocked to sporting events and to Essay No Simple to this Multi-faceted Problem, the movies that were soon transformed by color and Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento sound. Their heroes became athletesBabe Ruth, Red Grange, Jack Dempseyand they adored movie stars such as Jean Harlow, Mae West, Clara Bow, and Greta Garbo (14). Since a large number of people were living in cities, they spent their time in movies and tabloid papers sport events. Wild music and dance modes became national crazes in America. During this period, a new legislation was imposed by the U.S.

Government, after the ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution by the U.S. Congress. Being encouraged by conservative activists in the country who considered alcohol as the Renaissance, main cause of peoples problems, this legislation restricted the orders, manufacture and distribution of liquor on a national level. Nevertheless, prohibition opened many doors for corruption and organized crimes in about in Cinquecento, America. Famous Cookies! New illegal outlets for drinking opened all over the country, while underworld industry, Bootlegging, gambling, and prostitution flourished in many big cities. The American lawyer, Thomas Streissguth claims that big amounts of in Cinquecento Italy money were made only by smuggling and selling alcohol; sometimes they were made by those who belong to lower social classes, particularly sons of immigrants (Streissguth xi). Prosecutorial Discretion Execution! Prohibition caused a certain cynicism among Americans, who started gradually to lose respect for the country laws. After the end of the Second World War, [m]any Americans wanted to Essay Renaissance Italy, be left alone, to cling to the nineteenth century and its values (Franklin 3). Although the war contributed to the rise of nationalism ideals in Essay Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe, the selves of Americans, it made them distrust the international politics and focus more on domestic affairs. It is true that the war played a major role in the American unity, through directing people to seek the best for their country; nevertheless, this nationalism changed to about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, a civic one. In other words, it became much more related to the sense of belonging to the American values, such as democracy and tabloid papers tolerance rather than an inherited ethnic nationality.

Gary Gerstle gives us an idea of what American civic nationalism is. He writes: American civic nationalism embodied the republican notion of popular sovereignty. The people would rule; they would determine the course taken by the governments, local, state, and federal, that had some role in their lives. Americas civic nationalist tradition also promised a society free of discriminationethnic, religious, racial, or sexual. It portrayed America as a place where all individuals could pursue opportunity, economic and cultural, and Essay about Italy secure their liberty and famous property. It called on America to open itself to foreigners willing to work hard, obey the Essay about Renaissance Italy, law, and pledge allegiance to its democratic institutions (34). American civic nationalism was based, therefore, on ones freedom to pursue his national identity including his liberty, property, and faith. Famous Brand! However, these ideals of civic nationalism were obstructed by some emerging problems, at Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy the turn of the twenties century.

The major problem that emerged during this period was nativism. After the devastating war, the majority of Americans came to realize that the Progressive Era reforms had been useless. The old values of the American society had been terribly challenged due to tabloid papers, those modern rapid changes, while constitute a real threat to the Americans. The increased flow of Renaissance in Cinquecento immigrants, coming with foreign radical ideas to orders of reaction, big cities, caused a fear to the American society. As a reaction to these changes, a new sense of nativism emerged in many forms. Protecting the interests of about Italy native-born Americans while rejecting other non-American lifestyles, and shutting the doors on immigration were perhaps the famous practices that describe this emerging nativism. Even on trial, an orders of reaction, upsurge in nativism was brought to light through the cause of the two Italian born anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti who were arrested and Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento executed for robbery and murder. However, many still argue that they were executed for their political ideas more than for anything else. And Law! This trials fear increased with the help of the new scientific racist ideas of men like the anthropologist Madison Grant. The latter is the leader of the eugenics movement that reached the United States in the twenties. It was based on about Italy, a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary of traits through various forms of individual breeding (Evans 122).

Madison Grant argued that Anglo-Saxon peoples were superior to the other lower races. He claimed that the American racial stock was being diluted by the influx of Prosecutorial Discretion Essays new immigrants from the about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, Mediterranean, the Balkans, and the Polish ghettos (qtd. in Pula 64-65). Thus, legislation to restrict immigration was followed because of the nativist movements pressure during this period. The U. S. Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921, which limited the inflow of immigrants coming into the United States. This act was followed by the Immigration Act of Prosecutorial Discretion 1924 that reduced the number of immigrants to only 2% of the people living in the United States. Moreover, the emergence of Ku Klux Klan (KKK) once again was also a prominent result of Essay about Italy nativism. The Klan represents the perception examples, name of three movements in Essay Renaissance Italy, the United States that have advocated, through violence, white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration in order to purify the American society: The revival of the and Punishment in Medieval Europe, Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s, with its particularly ugly brand of national exclusiveness, was another manifestation of the Anglo-Saxon tradition translated into a self-conscious white Protestant ascendancy. Immigration restriction rather than immigrant amelioration was a consequence of this mood in the period of disillusionment that followed World War I. It is ironic that a generation later, in the aftermath of Essay another world war, the followers of Senator Joseph McCarthy, many of Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution to this Multi-faceted Problem them from ethnic backgrounds that could not meet the test of Americanism in the past, led a nationalist assault on the loyalty of the older elite (Nationalism para. 3).

In short, the revival of the Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, Ku Klux Klan was another form of national racism that symbolized the of reaction, decade of the 1920s. It caused a great fear within Americans, since their traditional social values were strongly challenged. The definition of the Essay, American Dream itself has changed dramatically during the modern era. The American Dream can be traced to the early days of settlements in America, and it was marked in the Declaration of Independence by the Founding Fathers, who advocated Americans rights of life, liberty, and happiness. The American historian James Truslow Adams defines the Essay No Simple to this Problem, American dream as a dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement (114). In Cinquecento! At first, the American Dream was simply a promise for a better life in which people have equal opportunities to selective, work hard, relying on their own abilities and efforts to achieve great things. This led Immigrants to run away from the restrictions of their countries to the United States in the hope of gaining freedoms.

However, according to Adams, the American Dream has a deeper meaning than pure material gains and fame. He writes: It is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento, attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of their birth (114 15). The original American Dream highlights those higher human values as important for success and happiness. Perception Examples! Yet, right after the First World War, the old American values have been totally altered. This sudden change in the perspective of Americans started to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, create make life materialistic and to create a huge consumer society. Therefore, instead of striving for equality, people started to see the possibility of getting rich without limitations as well as having an opportunity to reach the upper social class. The concept of the American Dream during this period meant that any individual, no matter what his social status is, can achieve success in life. This success was mainly associated with materialistic possessions. Discretion And Law Execution Essays! Roland Marchand tries to provide us with a definition of the Essay about, typical American individual who is pursing the American Dream during the Essay on Poverty: No Simple to this, 1920s. He writes: Not only Essay in Cinquecento Italy, did he flourish in the fast-paced, modern urban milieu of skyscrapers, taxicabs, and pleasure-seeking crowds, but he proclaimed himself an expert on the latest crazes in fashion, contemporary lingo, and popular pastimes (1).

From the preceding statement, one can notice how the American Dream in the modern era changed to become related to tabloid papers, consumerism and materialism. Snyder also sheds light on the change of the Essay about in Cinquecento, American Dream. He writes: But by the time the 1920s came around hard work wasnt as important as the selective examples, material items and the amount of money you had. Advertising was also changing and becoming more about materialism just as many of the people were. About Renaissance Italy! Material items became a huge selling point as well as defining the amount of money you had and as the new model of the perception examples, American Dream was starting to form, material items defined who you were and the amount of your success (3-4).

Money became the main aspect that characterized the American Dream during the Essay about in Cinquecento Italy, modern era. Prosecutorial And Law Essays! Ones success was measured by the amount of money that he possesses rather than his commitment to his work. Times have changed, and so do the American ideals and values. Therefore, it is not surprising that the new kind of American Dream which was shifted to include the about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, materialistic aspects failed several times and division of Essay No Simple to this Multi-faceted classes and corruption have taken root in the American society. Without any doubt, the identity of a nation as a whole reflects those individual identities that shape it.

During the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, 1920s, the issue of identity for Americans became more important than ever before. Identity was deeply altered by the effect of modernity that was marked at the beginning of the twenties century. People tried to establish identity not on those traditional values of tabloid papers society, but rather on new modern ones. They started to in Cinquecento Italy, reject mythical, religious, and spiritual methods as a means to seek the truth, and famous they focused on science and experimentation. Karen Armstrong explains more this idea. She writes: Ou Western modernity has led us to an entirely different notion of truth, and, as a result, we can no longer be religious in quite the same way as our ancestors. Our scientifically oriented society has lost the sense of the Essay in Cinquecento, symbolic, which lay at the heart of all pre-modern faith. In the perspectives of tradition, where every earthly reality was a replica of its celestial archetype, the symbol was inseparable from the transcendent reality to which it directed our attention (Oldmeadow74). The rise of scientific approaches replaced traditional perspectives, and even had a greater effect on peoples identities during the 1920s. Materialism increasingly became the Discretion, primary standard of living.

In addition, the notion of having had become the most important principle to define ones identity within the new secular culture. In other words, quantities become more important than qualities. Equally important, the rapid spread of the means of communication and transportation also had an important effect on about Renaissance, the national identity of Solution to this Multi-faceted Problem Americans. Radio technology had revolutionized communications during the early 1920s. The biggest cities were connected by a network of lines that offered flights. About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy! The production of the automobile marked the beginning of a shift from public to private transportation.

People could exchange cultures and languages easier and in a shorter period of time. Generally speaking, Modernism is a revolutionary and about in Medieval innovative movement that concerned art, literature, music, architecture, and other applied arts. Essay About Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy! It emerged at the first half of the twenties century. Daniel Joseph Singal suggests that Modernism should properly be seen as a culture-a constellation of perception examples related ideas, beliefs, values, and about Italy modes of perception-that came into existence during the mid to late nineteenth century, and that has had a powerful influence on art and thought on both sides of the Atlantic since roughly 1900 (7). It is, therefore, a modern philosophy, or a new style of famous brand thinking that came to existence at the end of the ninetieth and the beginning of the twentieth. Essay! This movement marked a sudden break with the styles of the past, looking instead for new forms of expression to fit the necessities of the modern age.

American Modernism, being a version of Modernism, is also a philosophy that asserts the power of human improvement of his environment through modern modes of expression like science and practical experimentation. Breaking the artistic traditional principles, American Modernism marked the creation of American art as separate and independent from European experience. In the beginning of the 20th century, artists preferred to selective perception, find their own visions and ways in expressing the American spirit through their productions. Renaissance In Cinquecento! Modernism succeeded to make the connection between art and various audiences, especially through museums and galleries. Calling to Discretion and Law, mind the sense of challenge, these modern arts helped tremendously the self-consciousness of American people. New Modernist paintings, for instance, highlighted both the Italy, spiritual and famous the psychical condition of people, evincing the Italy, modern American identity. The French naturalized American painter, Marcel Duchamp, when interviewed in September 1915, promoted the sense of distinction in the American Modernist art.

Duchamp says: If only America would realize that the art of Europe is finished dead and that America is the Essay about Crime in Medieval Europe, country of the art of the future, instead of trying to base everything she does on European traditions! (qtd. in Woods 3). Georgia OKeeffe also has been one of the famous painters who went beyond the fixed principles of arts in her paintings of landscapes, in addition to the famous African American painter Aaron Douglas, who included the African American heritage in his works. Likewise, photography became one form of Renaissance in Cinquecento fine art, and one of the most significant cultural products in the United States. Modernist American photographers moved towards a distinct style, representing realities objectively and focusing on motifs such as machines, scientific innovations and other issues related to the modern city. Vicki Goldberg and Robert Silberman, describing the American modernist photography, write: American modernism lagged far behind Europe in painting, but in the middle of the second decade, Paul Strand, taking a cue from avant-garde painting overseas, created a distinctly American modernist photographic style. Less involved in experimentation than Europe was. Strand and others like him in this country directly confronted the geometry of modern forms, the on Poverty: Multi-faceted, modern city, the lost and alienated modern citizen (1). American modernist photography had a distinguished style from that of the European photography, since it did not focus on experimentation.

By the same token, throughout this period, a new kind of wild music called Jazz had emerged. Originated in New Orleans, Jazz combined West African rhythms as well as European harmonies. It is developed by African Americans and had roots in ragtime. About Renaissance Italy! In fact, it was more than a kind of music; it was rather a lifestyle, an emotional desire, and an integral part of American culture. Orders! Jazz was definitely modern in terms of sound and mode. Essay! According to Lawrence Levine, Jazz was, or at least seemed to be, the orders, new product of about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy a new age; Culture was, or at least seemed to be, traditional-the creation of centuries. Jazz was raucous, discordant (7).

It reflected, therefore, the culture and the new spirit of the modern age. Louis Armstrong was one of the No Simple to this, musicians who became the most influential figures in jazz music, in addition to many others including Jelly Roll Morton and Essay about Italy Bessie Smith. Jazz Players were inspired most by street talks in Harlem. The latter turned to be, throughout the modernist time period, the centre of one of the most significant intellectual movements in the African American history. Performing military services during the war, African Americans had been given a sense of freedom so that a large number of them migrated from the South to settle in Harlem. The latter is a neighborhood on the Westside of New York City. Tabloid Papers! This gathering led to what is known as the Harlem Renaissance. Harlem became a strong community in which young black Americans celebrated their rich history of heritages and traditions. One of their traditions that they brought with them was jazz music. Harlem certainly played a major role in bringing Jazz and other artistic works to Americans attention.

This is mainly because it was a home to Essay Italy, activities, musicians, singers, writers and scholars, who sought to cheer the rebirth of about in Medieval Europe African American culture through their own ideas and activities. As has been noted, the Essay in Cinquecento, 1920s American society knew ideological discussions that aspire for more diverse and tolerant lifestyles especially by young people, who were unsatisfied and disillusioned with the war and the values of older generation. These youths felt cut off of the old social conventions, and they were much more open to Essay No Simple Solution Multi-faceted, a new secular culture. There was a growing number of them entering high schools and colleges significantly during the early twenties of the century. Accordingly, more social connections were created by this young generation, with a less control over their behaviors. This led to a radical change in about in Cinquecento Italy, the opinions of these young people, especially when it comes to morals and religious beliefs. Fitzgerald depicts this secularization that affected the Discretion Execution, younger generation. He writes:

Here was a new generation, shouting the old cries, learning the old creeds, through a revelry of Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento long days and nights; destined finally to go out into that dirty gray turmoil to follow love and pride; a new generation dedicated more than the last to the fear of poverty and the worship of success; grown up to find all Gods dead, all wars fought, all faiths in man shaken (This Side 240). The new generation stubbornly rejected the traditional values, and rebelled against religion and faith. This generation believed only in success. Orders! This radical change in Essay about Renaissance, beliefs was enhanced with the Essay in Medieval, arrival of some intellectuals who led an influential rebellion against established religious, sexual, and social conventions. They raised, instead, a big question on morality. One might venture to say that intellectuals were the first to show the way for this revolution against the traditional morals in America.

Just after its appearance in 1859, Darwins Origin of Species had raised a great debate in America, despite the Civil War problems at that time. In the middle of this debate, evolutionary biology became accepted and widespread through the country, especially in urban regions. With the coming of the twentieth century, it was even included in the intellectual equipment of educated Americans. The belief in evolution logically opposes the Essay about Italy, belief of biblical literalism; consequently, some American authorities and Discretion Essays scientists tried to about Italy, bring together evolution and the existence of spirit in man, without a real success, since the religious principles of American youth had been destabilized (Braeman332). American intellectual contributions during this era had also influenced by the theories of the Austrian psychiatrist Sigmund Freud who made a revolution in the ideas of the western world about the human behavior and perception examples mind. Freud established a system that called for a complete abolition of morality. In Cinquecento! He is considered as the founding father of psychoanalysis as a discipline. Freud was the first European to orders, develop the concept of the unconscious by using some techniques such as dream interpretation and free association. Freudian new terminology had entirely affected peoples way of thinking and Essay in Cinquecento Italy living.

The influence of Essay his ideas and theories in the twentieth century spread throughout all the Western culture including the American one. About Renaissance! Feudalism with its notions of Discretion Execution sexuality, identity, and memory could be observed in different sorts of about Renaissance in Cinquecento art and literature. In fact, Freudian psychology was a much more titillating subject than Darwinian evolution, and borrowings from it were soon evident in motion pictures and popular literature, as well as in the works of the critically acclaimed writers (Braeman 335). Freudian theories reshaped the morals of the young Americans, creating a freer society with less restrictive rules over tabloid papers, sexual behaviors. The fact of considering sex as a taboo came to an end, and sexuality turned out to be a subject of free discussion among people.

The emergence of the theories of psychoanalysis enhanced the examination of peoples psychological responses to the terrors that characterized the modern era. The anxieties that were incited by about in Cinquecento, the rise of individualism and selfhood in modern culture put the self in a centre of attention. As a result, the problem of identity crisis emerged as a significant modern concern in perception, that period. The term identity crisis, which was coined by the American psychoanalyst Erik Erikson, refers to the state when the persons sense of identity is experienced as being at Essay risk through we need to change, leading him or her to Crime in Medieval, question his or her own identity in some fundamental aspect (Rusbridger 136). Identity crisis puts the American people in a state of ignoring who they really are. Essay Renaissance In Cinquecento Italy! They felt disconnected from their values, their beliefs, and their own self.

Of utmost importance, Modernist American literature reflected whether directly or indirectly the culture and the different issues of the United States at famous cookies that time. Renaissance! Franklin maintains: For some authors, of course, the direct revelation of the experience of Prosecutorial Discretion Execution Essays living within their culture is their main purpose for writing (4). Literature in general mirrors the personal and social experiences. Accordingly, literary works which were produced in the years between the two World Wars deal with the themes of destruction, fragmentation, loss, isolation, and exile. About Renaissance! These themes were a consequence of the emerging individualism in Essay about Crime and Punishment Europe, the modern times.

Modernist writers invented new forms and styles of writing that would suit the requirements of the modern age. They are seen especially in urbanism and national identity. Richard Ruland and Malcolm Bradbury point out that these changes forced the American writer toward the subjects, languages and themes of the Depression and war years (318). Pursuing more individualistic forms of writing, writers of the period developed modern techniques in writing, such as nonlinearity of plot, voices, and stream of consciousness. About Renaissance In Cinquecento! These new techniques came up to orders of reaction, emergence as a reaction to the innovative insights brought by newly established disciplines such as psychoanalysis. In addition, most American writers rejected the old literary forms and got eager to create something completely new; yet, many of them preferred the use of literary tradition, including allusions to canonical works of the past.

Silvie Palkov states: The American authors started to experiment with Symbolism, Surrealism and Dadaism, but first and about Renaissance Italy foremost, they were involved in perception, Modernism. Essay About In Cinquecento Italy! Modernist authors are innovative in many ways. They are not afraid of mixing those levels which used to perception, be separate so far (17). Having a new modern look at the aspect of the viewpoint in the Modernist novel, American writers no longer used a single, omniscient third-person narrative. It is mainly because authority turned to Essay about, be a matter of a single perspective, and because the belief of an absolute truth was replaced by a sense of relativity and multiplicity. The importance of the way the story was told turned out to be the same as the story itself. Many American Modernist novelists and poets like T.S. Eliot, Henry James, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner used multiple narrators in their writings. And Law Execution! In Faulkners novel, The Sound and the Fury, for instance, the narration is divided into four sections; each of them provides the viewpoint of a particular character, including a mentally retarded boy. Eliots poem The Waste Land, as well, presents multiple speakers that reflect the variation of truth and the diversities of reality.

In order to analyze poetry and fiction of the modern era, the in Cinquecento, school of New Criticism came up in the United States. Perception Examples! New critics examined a literary work, insisting on Essay about Renaissance, its intrinsic significance, and focusing more on the individual work alone as an independent unit of meaning (Augustyn 252). The American New Critics were mainly influenced by the critical essays of the Anglo-American poet-critic T. S. Eliot. As an instance, [i]n The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism (1920) [] Eliot discusses the work of examples Algernon Swinburne, William Blake, Dante, Philip Massinger, Ben Jonson, and about Italy William Shakespeare, and defines terms and concepts that have entered into critical discourse (Franklin 22). Eliot, in these essays, highlighted the poems separation from the poets personality. Prosecutorial Discretion And Law Execution! He believes that the work of about in Cinquecento art should be objective and on Poverty: Multi-faceted impersonal. During that period, a group of Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy American writers gained fame for being known as The Lost Generation, a term which was coined by Gertrude Stein, and used to describe the people of the 1920s who rejected Bourgeois values (Jumonville 306). The generation was lost, in the sense that its traditional values like patriotism, courage, and Essay and Punishment in Medieval Europe war were not important anymore. People who witnessed the Modernist period felt fragmented and about in Cinquecento Italy alienated.

This is because of the Prosecutorial and Law Execution Essays, horrors that the war left in their memories. The meaning of the Lost Generation developed to Essay in Cinquecento Italy, be applied to American writers, most of whom emigrated to Europe and lived there during the 1920s. Tabloid Papers! They left the Essay Renaissance Italy, United States because of their displeasure, and Essay No Simple Multi-faceted according to Kate OConnor [s]ome wished to live cheaply; some sought an audience for their work; some fled what they saw as a prudish and narrow minded nation (113). The dissatisfaction of these writers with their own living conditions encouraged them to Essay Italy, leave the country. The four most prominent writers among The Lost Generation were Gertrude Stein, F. Tabloid Papers! Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and T. S. Eliot. Although these writers belonged to an aimless generation that was disillusioned by war, they expressed their dissent from the materialist modern America.

Concerning American literary works, the writers of The Lost Generation used specific common themes. OConnor tries to set the main themes of American literary works, during the Modernist era. One of those major themes is Essay in Cinquecento Italy, decadence. According to OConnor, the extravagance of Gatsbys parties in Fitzgeralds The Great Gatsby, or the pointless traveling and brand parties among the Essay about, expatriates in Hemingways The Sun Also Rises and in A Moveable Feast were deeply related to famous cookies, the dissolutions of ideals after the war. This led, consequently, to Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the characters pleasure-seeking (Para. 6). As another theme discussed by The Lost Generations is the change of gender roles. A lot of literary works tackled the issue of traditional gender roles and during this period. In The Sun Also Rises, for instance, Ernest Hemingway depicts the weakness of the narrator Jake because of a war wound, and instead it is his love Brett who acts the mans role.

Another example of the crisis of masculinity can be found in T. S. Eliots poem The Love Song of famous brand J. Renaissance Italy! Alfred Prufrock in orders, which the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, main personae Prufrocks fails to give his lover a romantic declaration of love. Another third major theme that can be found in the writings of Essay about in Medieval Europe Lost Generation is the idealization of the Italy, past. Instead of facing the orders, horrors of the Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, war, many writers tried to form a shiny image of the past that never exists in reality. The best example of cookies brand this theme is Gatsbys idealization of his past in Fitzgeralds novel The Great Gatsby. Moreover, the problem of identity seems to be among the most significant themes of the period. Many Modernist American writers were fully attentive to the new generations struggle to impose themselves as modern citizens. In addition, they noticed this generations refusal of the old set of rules and their longing for materialism and commercialization. Accordingly, these writers produced prominent works through which they evoked this issue. The famous American writer William Faulkner, for Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy instance, exposed in his fiction a terrible sense of Essay and Punishment in Medieval mans failure to about in Cinquecento, achieve any real ideals in life.

His novel The Sound and the Fury strongly marks out the decomposing values of the Southern society in the modern era, as well as the extreme anxiety and despair of modern individuals. Perception Examples! In this novel, the character Quentin Compsons obsession with the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, past is considered to be a failure to form her personality; this logically explains her suicide after that. In his two well-known novels, The Rainbow (1915) and Women in Love (1920), the famous British modernist writer D.H. Essay Crime And Punishment In Medieval! Lawrence tackled the illusion of modern civilization and the dreadful outcomes of industrialization upon the human self. Like Lawrence, the poet T. S. Eliot, another famous American member of The Lost Generation, drew in Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento, his masterpiece The Waste Land (1922) which expressed the sickness of modern civilization. It is a civilization that caused a loss of moral values and cultural identity. Moral life conditions, as the poem shows, result in a real existential crisis. William Faulkner, the American writer who was born to an old southern family, is another famous author who tackled the theme of identity in his writings.

He discusses some important issues as gender and racial problems in famous brand, the American South. Faulkner went further to Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, imply that these problems eventually emerge from the conflicts within the individuals psyche, and not from his society. This is famous brand, seen particularly in his novel Light in August, in which the characters seek identity and seem to be isolated and fragmented. This fragmentation is Essay Renaissance, seen more in the character Joe Christmas who becomes isolated since he cannot determine his racial identity as he is neither black nor white. Moving to the African American writer Ralph Ellison, his novel Invisible Man evokes the theme of identity in African American experience; it focuses on the individuals struggle to shape his racial identity in modern America.

Ellison sheds light on the black Americans struggles for a recognized or a visible identity. Through the Invisible Man, the author stresses blacks invisibility, using an selective, unnamed protagonist. He tries, therefore, to about, convey the idea that seeking a real identity cannot be possible without accepting ones state of invisibility first, then starting to shape a new definition based on good behaviors and manners. Last and not least, the American Modernist writer F. Scott Fitzgerald deals with the issue of identity in and Law Execution, many of his literary works. The struggle between the modern and the old values, which is discussed above, is clearly seen in Fitzgeralds novels especially This Side of Paradise (1920). This is mainly through the Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, experience of the Discretion and Law, protagonist Amory Blaine who makes huge efforts to avoid neglecting his identity and his feelings of purposelessness.

The Beautiful and Damned (1922) is another novel of Fitzgerald that evokes the theme of identity. Fitzgerald depicts the Essay about Italy, psychological alters of the protagonist, Amory Blaine, throughout his life. Accordingly, he describes the fragmented self, which results from the tabloid papers, unbalanced feelings and the sexual illusions that Blaine has. Fitzgeralds other novel that discusses the issue of identity is This Side of Paradise. According to Pelzer, This Side of Paradise is a novel about disillusionment and about Renaissance Italy loss (44). In this novel, the main character, Amory, has a difficulty to control his inner self; so, he predictably suffers from disillusion. The Great Gatsby (1925), which represents the core of this dissertation, is also one of Fitzgeralds most remarkable novels of the period; it brings to light much about the complexity of of reaction such issue. In other words, it stresses the Essay Renaissance, idea of how identity can be affected by materialism and the illusions of perception examples wealth. The life of the protagonist Jay Gatsby seems to be full of illusions about his love to Daisy, and his dream of winning her for Essay about in Cinquecento Italy the second time. Although Daisy betrayed him, Gatsby cannot differentiate reality from illusion; he is not making a clear cut between the past and the present. Consequently, Gatsby seems to be unable to find his identity through his attempts to win Daisy.

Jay Gatsbys love for about Crime and Punishment Europe the careless, stonehearted Daisy Buchanan refers to a psychologically damage in his identity. This damage is not simply caused by a desire to belong to a higher social class, but to regain a woman who is not perfect as he imagines. The Great Gatsby records, as well, the lifestyle of the Jazz Age aristocracy and its deceiving reality. Although capitalism and consumerism had an important signification to the American history, they despoiled the life of the characters in The Great Gatsby. Huskey claims that [n]ot only have their values and desires become strictly material, but morality has become almost nonexistent as it has become overshadowed by material gain and desire (17). The Great Gatsbys main characters suffer from a crisis of identity. This mainly results from a lack of knowledge about their true selves and their true Americanism. To summarize, the 1920s was the decade of change in the history of the in Cinquecento, United States.

In this Modernist era, an enormous economical growth, in addition to a vast political change, influenced the American society. This influence is manifested in so many ways. The growing urban population and the rise of consumerism were perhaps the major aspects of the American economical change. Politically speaking, the governmental Amendments contributed to the advancement of womens liberty on one hand. Yet, on the other hand, they raised a cultural civil war in Crime in Medieval Europe, the country, giving a rebirth to racial issues. This socio-cultural mobility was reinforced by the rebellion of the new generation against the traditional restrictions. The rebellion was largely reflected in the literary and artistic works of the period. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

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little homework Disclaimer: This story is based on Essay about Renaissance Italy, characters and situations created and owned by JK Rowling, various publishers including but not limited to Bloomsbury Books, Scholastic Books and tabloid papers Raincoast Books, and Warner Bros., Inc. No money is being made and no copyright or trademark infringement is about in Cinquecento intended. Summary: It was an average day in the Gryffindor common room; essays to Essay on Poverty: to this, write, tests to study for and juicy gossip to exchange. Essay In Cinquecento Italy? Then all Hell broke loose and started trying to eat the orders of reaction students.

Accidents happen. It's a fact of Essay about in Cinquecento Italy life. That accidents tended to happen rather frequently whenever Harry Potter was in the vicinity was also a well known, documented and remarked upon fact. At least to those people who knew the poor lad. It was rarely Harry's fault that these accidents happened, strangely enough, but nobody could argue that he seemed to attract trouble in much the same way that honey attracted flies. Of Reaction? It was only his third year at Hogwarts, yet this was already considered to be an immutable law of the universe. Which meant that it was rather odd that Harry had nothing to do with the terrifying beast that was currently rampaging about Gryffindor tower. No, this time the blame fell squarely in the lap of Essay about in Cinquecento Italy one Colin Creevey.

With the threat of escaped murderer Sirius Black hanging in the air, not to mention the dreadful presence of the Dementors of Azkaban now guarding the school, it was almost expected that tensions amongst the students would be running high. Thus it was inevitable that one of the aforementioned accidents would happen. In an about Crime in Medieval Europe, unlikely and improbably chain of Renaissance Italy events, which most likely nobody who hadn't witnessed it would give any credence to, Colin had stumbled over Ginny Weasley's book bag. Arms flailing wildly in an attempt to maintain his balance, he had lost hold of his camera, which tumbled to the floor. Cookies Brand? The camera was somehow triggered upon landing, its flash going off in a brilliant burst of light that temporarily blinded Patricia Stimpson.

The fourth-year witch had staggered into the nearest table, which happened to Essay about Renaissance Italy, be where the twins, Fred and George Weasley, were working. This was something akin to begging for trouble. The twins had been working on. something. Nobody was quite sure what it was. Not even the twins.

The results, however, were impossible to miss. Magical fireworks that rivalled anything to be seen on Problem, Guy Fawkes Day exploded throughout the Essay about in Cinquecento common room in a wave of light, colour and noise. Over a dozen wands were dropped as their owners sought shelter wherever they could find it. Hermione Granger was interrupted in of reaction a very complicated Transfiguration spell that she was attempting to explain and demonstrate to Neville Longbottom. This was where things started to become interesting. Hermione's spell was knocked off course and in Cinquecento Italy began to work its magic on famous, the pewter cauldron Harry and Ron Weasley were using for a Potions assignment. About Italy? Stilgar's Sticking Solution, however, did not interact nicely with directed magic and promptly began spewing globs of putrid smelling brown goop into the air. Ron entered a state of Prosecutorial Discretion and Law Essays panic as the potion unexpectedly turned volatile. He promptly upended the table he and in Cinquecento Harry were working at in an attempt to get the heaving potion as far away from his as possible. This resulted in lots of orders brown goop splattering across Seamus Finnigan and Dean Thomas's Care of Magical Creatures essay, which they had been unenthusiastically attempting to finish.

Naturally when their homework and Essay Renaissance reference materials began to twitch, shiver, crawl about and Prosecutorial and Law hiss threateningly, the two third-years had immediately done their level best to about in Cinquecento Italy, remove the parchment from their presence. This normally wouldn't have been too much of a problem, except that many of those present had tipped over the tables they had been working. This was so that they could hide behind them and avoid the fireworks. The various pieces of perception examples parchment, paper, notebooks, school books, library books and other paraphernalia that were usually set on about Renaissance, said tables, were thus deposited in messy piles upon the common room floor. Where Dean and Seamus' homework was banished to. After that, things took a turn for famous the worse. Cut it off! Quickly! Cut if off! yelled Hermione frantically.

We can't let it get out into the school! There's not enough of Italy us! We're not going to make it! Look out! shrieked Lavender, dropping to the floor just in selective examples time to Essay about, avoid the barrage of tabloid papers sharpened quills that the unholy conglomeration of animated books and parchment unleashed. Several other students were not so lucky and cried out as the quills cut into them. His split lip oozing blood from a earlier blow, Oliver Wood rolled to cover behind the about Italy nearest piece of Prosecutorial Discretion and Law Essays available furniture. A moment later the armchair in question was badly punctured by a dozen quills, giving it a passing resemblance to a pincushion. Popping up from behind the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento chair, Oliver levelled his wand and cursed, Stupefy ! The streak of red light jetted across the common room and brand struck the brute's leather and canvas chest, only to Essay about Renaissance, rocket off at a sharp tangent and exploding harmlessly against the wall next to the fireplace.

The beast staggered back a single step before retaliating with a blast of multicoloured ink that Oliver was barely able to dodge away from. The pincushion chair was now painted in selective perception examples almost every colour of the rainbow. Hit it with an Impediment Jinx! yelled Hermione, who had just finished casting a Petrifying Curse of her own. Renaissance Italy? The curse had, unfortunately, glanced off the monster's rippling hide and slammed into of reaction, Neville. It's hide's too tough! The magic just bounces off! Somebody unpetrify Longbottom and Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy get him back in the fight! Why bother? He's already been cursed three times! It's still coming!

The beast gave a spine-chilling wail of fury, using its fang lined Monster Book of tabloid papers Monsters mouth (something none of the Gryffindors appreciated), as it doggedly stalked towards the portrait hole. Several of the old students tried to slow it down by flinging themselves in its path. One brave soul, Angelina Johnson, took a more direct route and jumped onto the monster's back. Stick yer wand up its nose! Up its nose! yelled Ron desperately as he clung to about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, the beast's tail. It's not a troll, Ron! It's a bunch o' bloody books! Harry angrily countered as he tried to help his red-haired friend wrestle the writhing mass of paper, parchment and and Law Execution leather into submission.

Aaaaaah! Bad idea! Bad idea! screamed Angelina, wrapping both arms around the monster's neck and hanging on for dear life as it began to Essay about in Cinquecento, buck and twist about in an attempt to about and Punishment, dislodge her. Atta-girl, Angie! yelled George, who came running down from the Essay Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy boys' dormitories. Famous? The twins had fled upstairs a minute earlier in search of weapons to use against the magically resistant creature.

Hang on! shouted Fred in Renaissance Italy encouragement. Brandishing their Beater's bats as if their were far more substantial weapons, the twins promptly charged at the beast without regard for their own safety. As the tabloid papers two Beaters began to pummel the Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento creature with their bats, Oliver ducking in underneath its flaying arms and grabbed Angelina by the leg. Let go, girl! he yelled. I've got you! Leggo! Bad idea! Bad idea!

Bad idea! Angelina's fellow Chasers; Alicia Spinnet and Katie Bell also jumped to the black witch's rescue and latched onto tabloid papers, her other leg in an attempt to pull her off the creature's back. Renaissance In Cinquecento? As they were on the other side of the beast from their captain, this meant that they were effectively trying to Essay on Poverty: No Simple Multi-faceted Problem, pull her in in Cinquecento the opposite direction. Twisting violently, the tabloid papers monster spun on a heel and flicked its tail. Harry and Ron, who had been trying to slow its progress by pulling back on said tail, were sent careening across the common room. They landed in a tangle of Essay arms and legs, having somehow managed to collect two other Gryffindors during their brief flight. Watch out for the tail! Watch out for the tail! screamed Parvati.

Forget the Essay on Poverty: No Simple Solution to this Multi-faceted Problem bloody tail! Watch out for about in Cinquecento its arms! thundered one of the seventh-years as the monster grabbed Oliver by the ankle and hoisted him into the air. Stun it! Stun it! Stun it! demanded Oliver, trying desperately to free himself even as the beast began to famous cookies, swing him at his fellow students as if he were a crudely fashioned club. Oi! said Fred. You let Ollie go, you bloody Potions essay!

Bad idea! Bad idea! Bad idea! With a roar that sounded like nails on a chalkboard, the beast reared up and slammed Oliver into George with a bone-jarring crunch. Both boys collapsed to the floor in a heap and no longer in any condition to continue. Incensed by this attack on his twin, Fred gave a roar of his own and redoubled his efforts to beat the monster into submission. Could this get any worse? asked Ron as he and Harry scrabbled back to about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, their feet. Blasting Fred back with a blast of orders of reaction neon pink ink, the creature raised its lumbering arms high above its head. Many of the students made to fire whatever curses, jinxes or hexes they knew, but were distracted when the beast's limbs split in two, leaving it with four arms in total instead of the Renaissance original pair. Seeing this, Harry turned to Ron and asked, You had to ask, didn't you? With its arms now much less bulky and tabloid papers capable of more fluid and Essay Italy rapid movements, the homework monster renewed its journey towards the portrait hole.

We're running out of time! exclaimed Hermione. It's almost loose! It's just a bunch of famous brand animated paper and parchment, protested Seamus, nursing a badly bruised shoulder. It's a bunch of animate paper and parchment that's wreaking untold havoc! Hermione screeched in return, turning to the young Irishman and waving an angry fist. I know! declared Neville in about Renaissance Italy a moment of inspiration. Hermione had been kind enough to undo her Petrification Spell shortly after Angelina had jumped onto the monster's back. Taking a solid stance and levelling his wand, Neville cried out in a trembling voice, Incendio ! Fire! Paper burns! shouted Parvati in understanding. Spurred on by Neville's small victory; a small patch of the of reaction beast's top right arm was now smouldering, many of the others began to take up the battle cry. Essay About Renaissance? Yells of Incendio, Lacarnum Inflamarae, Gaav Flare, Elmekia Flame and a host of other such incendiary spells filled the air.

In very short order, the creature was ablaze with magical fires of a dozen different colours and origins. AAAHHH! Stop that you idiots! screamed Angelina, who was still clinging desperately to the beast. Luckily none of the spells had hit her directly, but the perception examples fires burning over the monster were spreading rapidly and had already succeeding in setting the Essay about hem of her Quidditch robes alight. Oh Merlin, groaned Hermione.

She'll be burned alive! Aguamenti ! croaked Oliver, from his place on the floor. The spurt of water was small, and not nearly enough to extinguish all the flames, but it was enough to spur the others to follow his example. Once again the air was filled with flying jets of colour and Essay on Poverty: Multi-faceted Problem magic, successfully dousing the burning monster and soaking everything in the immediate vicinity. Smoke and steam billowed outwards and quickly filled the common room. Several older students cast spells to clear the room, revealing that Angelina still had both arms wrapped in a death grip round the about Renaissance in Cinquecento sodden beast's thick neck. The beast itself was for the first time looking somewhat the worse for wear. Tabloid Papers? Its hide was burnt in patches and Italy otherwise soaked in its entirety. It even appeared to be losing its shape as the paper and parchment that comprised its body soaked up the water that had been sprayed over it. Now! yelled Harry, running forward.

Get it now! Before it can recover! AAAAAAHHH! bellowed Ron, joining the orders Boy-Who-Lived in his charge. Gryffindors, it had often been said, charge forward. This time was no different and almost everyone that was able did as Harry bid. The students made a concerted effort to dog pile the homework monster. Jumping onto Essay about Renaissance in Cinquecento Italy, it en masse they found, to their dismay, that while weakened by the fire and water, it was still able to put up fierce resistance. Some measure of success was met when Fred and George managed to tear one of the beast's arms loose.

The arm promptly lost all cohesion and disintegrated into tabloid papers, a loose mass of water saturated pulp. Unfortunately this only served to Essay about, drive the creature into a frenzy. Bad idea! Bad idea! BAD IDEA! chanted Angelina, barely able to maintain her hold on her impromptu steed as it bucked and examples whirled about in fury. Squeezing her eyes tightly shut, she jabbed her wand into what passed for the monster's face and about in Cinquecento screamed, Reducto ! The Gryffindors were quite surprised when their assailant's head suddenly exploded in a spray of ink and soggy bits of slightly charred paper. Even after the monster's now decapitated body twitched and Angelina slipped down and orders of reaction away, it was not until their homework finally fell apart with a gurgle that they realized the fight was apparently over. After waiting for a minute or two, just in case it was a trick to lure them into a false sense of security, everyone slumped to Essay in Cinquecento, the floor in exhaustion. It had taken the combined efforts of every Gryffindor in of reaction the tower nearly half an hour to destroy their seemingly demonically possessed homework. Blimey, muttered Seamus.

What the hell was that thing? Dunno, but that was not how I wanted to about, spend my weekend, mumbled Katie, nursing a black eye. -detention with Snape, groaned Fred and brand George, leaned against each other. Only Harry seemed less than utterly spent as he managed to Essay about, remark, with appropriate amazement, Well, what d'you know? Sticking her wand up its nose actually did the trick! Ron, who had collapsed next to him, turned to Prosecutorial and Law, face Hermione. Their bushy haired friend was liberally splattered with several colours of Italy ink and about and Punishment Europe thoroughly soaked to the bone - much like everyone else. And you said a little homework wouldn't hurt anybody! Author's Notes: Don't ask, it just came to Essay in Cinquecento, me.

A hopefully amusing little drabble of what might happen at Hogwarts when things get a little out of hand. Somehow, this strikes me as something perfectly possible, all things considered.