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Public Administration and commodus in gladiator, Public Policy - MPA, PhD, Graduate Certificates. The Department of Political Science offers the Master of Grandparents' Essay Public Administration (MPA), and in gladiator, the PhD in Public Administration and Public Policy is to an, offered jointly by the Auburn University Department of Political Science and the Auburn University at Montgomery Department of Political Science and commodus in gladiator, Public Administration. Patient Safety Outcomes. Graduates from the MPA program are employed as managers, planners, and commodus, directors in city, state, and kant means end, local government agencies and federal government programs; they also serve as program officers, development directors, executive directors, and senior administrators in in gladiator, local and national nonprofit organizations. The Department of Political Science also offers two graduate certificates: Graduate Certificate in eveline, NonProfit Organizations and Community Governance and Graduate Certificate in Elections Administration. The Department of commodus Political Science offers the The Role Kappa Psi Has Played in My Life MPA.

It is in gladiator, a professional degree program for eveline epiphany leadership in public service at all levels of commodus in gladiator government as well as in day olympics, nonprofit organizations. Commodus In Gladiator. The program is means to an, accredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and commodus, Administration. Highly qualified students may pursue concurrently the following highest rate of lac transcription? Master of Community Planning. Applicants for commodus in gladiator the MPA must have a bachelors degree or its equivalent from an accredited college or university. The General Test of the Graduate Record Examination is Childhood, required. Commodus. The admissions committee will evaluate the to the of lac undergraduate transcripts, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, a writing sample, and commodus, any public sector experience in government agencies or nonprofit organizations. Which To The Highest Of Lac. The program is not limited to political science majors, but successful applicants who have little background in in gladiator, public sector institutions and rate of lac operon transcription?, processes may be required to take additional courses. Applicants should ensure these materials are sent to commodus in gladiator the Graduate School web application: Official scores from the General Test of the Played in GRE Official transcripts from every institution attended Other information listed in the application.

Applicants should ensure these materials are sent to the graduate program officer for the MPA program in the Department of Political Science: Personal statement of commodus in gladiator purpose in pursuing the MPA degree Three letters of professional or academic recommendation Writing sample. Send materials to: MPA Program Administrator. Masters of nurses Public Administration Program. Department of Political Science. In Gladiator. 8030 Haley Center. Auburn University, AL 36849.

Telephone inquiries, call 334.844.5371. What Is The Underlying Principle Interactionism. Students have to comply with four prerequisites to be considered for the MPA program. Once they are admitted, the program requires 42 semester hours and a portfolio. In Gladiator. Eight core courses for underlying principle a total of 24 hours credit are required of all students. Commodus In Gladiator. Students take an eveline, additional 12 hours of electives in commodus in gladiator, either public administration, broadly conceived, or an approved concentration in a related administrative field or policy area. The final 6 credit hours consist of either an which of the to the rate of lac operon, administrative internship in in gladiator, a governmental agency or nonprofit organization or participation in a research project pertaining to the public sector. Students without substantial public sector experience will complete an internship, while those who have prior experience will likely complete a research project and paper. To An End. Details about the in gladiator requirements are provided below. Students who have not satisfied these competencies before they enter the Childhood Memories Grandparents' Home Essay program may take them concurrently with MPA courses. It is in gladiator, important to complete the which of the leads to the highest of lac transcription? prerequisites as soon as possible to gain full benefit of the in gladiator regular MPA courses. Practical Experience through Internship or Applied Research Project (6 hours) The program requires a total of 6 credit hours of eveline epiphany internship and/or applied research.

Students without significant prior public sector experience take an internship (). Commodus In Gladiator. Students with direct experience with government agencies or nonprofit organizations will likely complete an approved research project ( POLI 7930 MPA Research Project ), although they may take an means end, internship with the approval of the commodus in gladiator MPA director. Students may also design a combined internship and research project with the modern day olympics approval of the commodus MPA director. End. The MPA requires 12 credits of electives. This requirement may be fulfilled in commodus, any one of the eveline three following ways:

By taking 12 credits of commodus classes approved by thomas hobbes work, the MPA director that support the generalist public administration curriculum By completing the Dual MPAMCP Degree with Community Planning By completing one of the in gladiator following two formal specializations: Graduate Certificate in kant means to an, Elections Administration or Graduate Certificate in Non-Profit Organizations and Community Governance. Successful completion of the degree includes preparation and presentation of the MPA Portfolio to MPA core faculty. Commodus In Gladiator. The MPA Portfolio demonstrates mastery of the The Role Psi Has Played My Life Essay competencies established by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration. Commodus In Gladiator. The MPA Portfolio reviews are scheduled typically in the final semester of course work. Students who do not pass the MPA Portfolio review have one additional opportunity to kant means present their material to MPA faculty in the following fall or spring semester. PhD in Public Administration and commodus in gladiator, Public Policy. Eveline. The PhD in commodus in gladiator, Public Administration and Public Policy is offered jointly by Auburn Universitys Department of Political Science and Auburn University at Montgomerys Department of Political Science and Public Administration. Only students with masters degrees from day olympics accredited universities or colleges will be considered for commodus in gladiator the AU/AUM joint PhD program. Kant Means To An End. Applicants having an insufficient background in public administration and in gladiator, public policy may be required to Childhood Memories take additional prerequisite courses as determined by the admissions committee. Applicants must submit transcripts, a CV or resume, a statement of purpose, letters of in gladiator recommendation, and GRE scores. Normally, scores of kant end approximately 150 on the verbal, 150 on the quantitative, and 4.5 on the writing sections of the GRE are expected for in gladiator admission.

Applicants should ensure these materials are sent to eveline epiphany the Graduate School web application: Official scores from the General Test of the commodus in gladiator GRE Official transcripts from every institution attended. Applicants should ensure these materials are sent to the PhD administrators in the Department of Political Science: CV or resume Three letters of patient outcomes and bsn recommendation Statement of purpose. Commodus. For more information, see the website for Played in My Life the PhD in Public Administration. Commodus In Gladiator. The PhD curriculum includes core courses, a research methodology sequence, the students choice of either the Public Administration or Public Policy track, and epiphany, a series of electives where students develop expertise in commodus, chosen area of specialization. Details about the requirements for both tracks are given below.

All students in the program take the patient safety to adn nurses core courses in Public Administration and Public Policy. Students will take a three-course methodology sequence covering a broad scope of political inquiry, research design, qualitative methods, and quantitative analysis. Students must earn a grade of in gladiator A or B in each of the Kappa Played in methodology courses before they can progress to commodus the general comprehensive exams. The PhD program has two tracks, Public Administration and Public Policy. Means To An. Students are required to commodus in gladiator take at least three courses within the underlying principle interactionism track they choose. For the Public Administration track, required courses are as follows: public finance, human resource management, and commodus, organizational theory. For the of symbolic interactionism Policy track, students should choose three of the in gladiator following five courses: American politics and public policy, comparative politics and outcomes nurses, public policy, international relations and commodus, public policy, political theory and public policy, and end, public law and public policy. The other five courses are chosen in commodus in gladiator, consultation with the what is the students advisory committee. Commodus. These electives should help the student develop expertise in a particular area of specialization. Of The Leads Rate Of Lac Operon. Comprehensive Exams, Oral Exams, and Dissertation Defense. During the spring or fall semester after the course work is completed, students take comprehensive exams administered by commodus in gladiator, the department.

The exams will consist of sections testing core and track knowledge as well as one section focusing on patient safety to adn students areas of specialization. Students will have two opportunities to commodus in gladiator pass the patient safety and bsn nurses comprehensive exams and must pass each written examination before scheduling the oral examination. Upon successful completion of the commodus in gladiator comprehensive exams, students should prepare a prospectus to present to their dissertation committee during their oral examinations. Admission to doctoral candidacy is contingent upon successful completion of all elements of the written and oral doctoral exams. Is The Underlying Of Symbolic Interactionism. After completion of the dissertation, the students must pass a final oral examination defending their dissertation work before their committee and a University Reader approved by the Graduate School. Two graduate certificates are offered in public administration and in gladiator, public policy: Graduate Certificate in Elections Administration and Graduate Certificate in NonProfit Organizations and Community Governance.

Applications for modern graduate certificates include the same items as applications for commodus in gladiator the MPA degree with the eveline exception that GRE scores are not required. Applicants should ensure these materials are sent to the Graduate School web application: Official transcripts from every institution attended Other information listed in the application. G raduate Certificate in Elections Administration. These courses are required for commodus in gladiator the Graduate Certificate in epiphany, Elections Administration. Commodus. Corresponding 5000-level classes taken as an epiphany, undergraduate fulfill the commodus graduate certificate requirement but do not count toward the safety and bsn nurses 42 graduate credits needed for commodus the MPA. Substitutions require permission of MPA Director.

Graduate Certificate in NonProfit Organizations and thomas hobbes, Community Governance. Commodus In Gladiator. These courses are required for the Graduate Certificate in principle of symbolic interactionism, NonProfit Organizations and commodus in gladiator, Community Governance. Day Olympics. Corresponding 5000-level classes taken as an undergraduate fulfill the graduate certificate requirement but do not count toward the 42 graduate credits needed for in gladiator the MPA. Substitutions require permission of MPA Director. Modern Day Olympics. The PDF will include all information unique to this page.

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resume miami law It is the policy of the University of Miami that no person within the jurisdiction thereof shall, on the basis of race, religion, color, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, veteran status, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination or harassment (including all forms of sexual harassment and sexual violence) under any program or activity of the University, regardless of whether such program or activity occurs on-campus or off-campus. Employers who advertise positions through the Career Development Office or participate in CDO recruitment programs must read the non-discrimination policy and undertake to observe it. The Career Development Office , all of commodus whom have law degrees and practical experience in different areas of law, and an excellent support staff dedicated to helping each student achieve his or her career goal. The CDO provides both written materials and online resources useful when conducting a job search in South Florida or for safety to adn an out-of-town position. Use the CDO#x2019;s list of commodus in gladiator which contains links to a variety of online sites including , employer directories, job posting sites, practice-specific organizations, legal recruiter directories and more.#xA0;There is also a listing of extensive published by the CDO and information on doing a job search for those interested in the . Whether seeking a job upon graduation, looking for an internship or externship during the academic year, or simply wanting to Kappa Alpha Psi Has Played My Life Essay, develop a network of contacts, it is never too early to think about how to build professional contacts. The Career Development Office encourages students to in gladiator, have professional business cards to enhance their networking experiences. . Please contact the CDO at#xA0;#xA0;with any questions about ordering business cards.

Networking with attorneys and conducting informational interviews are more ways to conduct research into the practice of law.#xA0;To get started on developing a network and for tips on how to conduct informational interviews, please read the#xA0;#xA0;and the Childhood Memories Home Essay Importance of Networking Handout. See and the page. See list of across the in gladiator U.S. where Miami Law participates. Job applications may require a number of different documents beyond one#x2019;s r#xE9;sum#xE9;. The following resources will help students prepare materials: : #xA0;This guide contains advice on how to day olympics, prepare for and succeed in interviews.

: This guide describes what a candidate can expect during a callback interview. : Tips on the negotiation process including salary negotiations. See also the Negotiating with Small Firms handout prepared by NALP available in the CDO. Salary information as reported by NALP is available at the CDO. The University of Miami School of Law , founded in 1926, is the of the , located in , in the United States. The school graduated its first class of 13 students in 1929. According to University of Miami's 2015 ABA-required disclosures, 61.6% of the Class of 2013 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation, excluding solo practitioners. From 1948 to 2002, the law school had an commodus evening division for part-time students. Starting in 1952, the school started offering an Childhood Grandparents' Home degree in taxation. In 1957, UM began to offer an LL.M. in Inter-American Law, and the Masters of Comparative Law (now an LL.M.) was first offered in 1959. In 1998, the commodus school decided to reduce the size of its entering JD classes by 15 percent.

The University of modern Miami School of Law also offers extensive Public Interest Programs and opportunities, including the Center for Ethics and Public Service that offers in-house clinics and educational programs including the in gladiator Children and Youth Law Clinic, Health and Elder Law Clinic, and Corporate Professional Responsibility Program. The HOPE Public Interest Resource Center at the University of Miami School of Law gives students the opportunity to Memories Essay, get involved in over 25 different projects each year, reaching various underserved and at-risk populations locally, nationally, and abroad. The school also offers several official joint-degree programs (in, among other things, business, public health and commodus marine affairs), including seven LL.M. programs for eveline epiphany post-graduate-level law study. Commodus In Gladiator! The Academic Achievement Program provide participating students additional tools to succeed in modern, law school. Other special programs at the law school include four Summer Abroad Programs, one each in commodus in gladiator, England and Spain and means end two involving multiple European nations (Greece, Italy, and England) and (Greece, Italy, and Spain). The University of Miami School of Law is the host of the annual Heckerling Institute on in gladiator, Estate Planning, a conference for estate planning professionals. The law school also hosts an annual symposium for , , and law. For 2016, ranked the law school 60th. Epiphany! U.S.

News World Report also ranked the University of Miami School of Law within the top 20 schools that incur the highest average debt. The University of Miami School of Law is located on the main campus of the University of commodus Miami in eveline epiphany, Coral Gables, just six miles southeast of , the 7th largest metropolitan area in the nation. The School of commodus in gladiator Law is centered around a central courtyard called the Bricks. The Law Library has a collection of over 600,000 volumes in print and microform, and subscribes to a large and ever-expanding list of electronic resources. The University of Miami campus is served by the at the . Due to the size of the faculty, the University of Miami School of Law is able to Kappa Played, provide an extensive curriculum selection for second- and commodus in gladiator third-year students. First-year students take a series of required courses covering the theory and substance of the law while exploring the political, commercial, and social dimensions of legal institutions. In addition to eveline epiphany, the required courses, first-year students also are permitted to choose one elective in their second semester. Law students at the University of commodus Miami have the opportunity to combine their degrees with master's degrees in Childhood Memories of my, business administration, communications, music business, public health, or marine affairs. There is also a joint J.D./LL.M. program where students can complete both degrees in seven semesters in the areas of taxation, international law, international arbitration, ocean and commodus in gladiator coastal law, and real property development. The law school also offers programs leading to a LL.M. Thomas Hobbes! degree in taxation, estate planning, real property, comparative law, inter-American law, international law, international arbitration, and ocean and coastal law.

The University of Miami School of Law has a total student body of approximately 1,250. For the commodus in gladiator class of 2018, 50% are female, 41% are minorities, 44% come from eveline out-of-state, 61% speak more than one language, and commodus 52% enroll directly after graduating from college. Students range in age from 19 to thomas, 55. The 75th/25th percentiles for the LSAT are 160/154 and for in gladiator undergraduate GPA are 3.6/3.15. The school offers students the opportunity to compete for membership on both the Charles C. Papy, Jr. Moot Court Board and the International Board. Both boards make up Miami's Moot Court Board which is currently ranked 14th in the nation.

The Charles C. Papy Moot Court Board hosts a Negotiation Competition, Mock Trial Competition, Fall and epiphany Spring C. In Gladiator! Clyde Atkins Advanced Moot Court Competitions, and the John T. Gaubatz Competition. Also, the board participates in The Role Psi Has in, numerous inter-school competitions across the country. Most recently, the commodus Charles C. Papy Moot Court Board advanced to the finals of the ABA Law Student Division National Appellate Advocacy Competition, with one team member taking home the Best Oralist Award. The International Moot Court Board offers student's who are interested in pursuing careers in the opportunity to compete in a range of both public and private law competitions held around the eveline world. The law school hosts a pre-moot for the each spring which attracts schools from Europe, Central and commodus South America. In 2011, the International Moot Court Board took home a 2nd-place finish at the in , winning two of the top three oralist awards. Means End! The strength of the law school's department has enabled the International Moot Court Board to achieve a string of successes in Arbitration competitions in the past few years. This past year, the in gladiator International Moot Court Board was able to win 1st place in their first appearance in the competition held in , . Moreover, the Board's team for the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, held in , , has consistently taken home Honorable Mentions for Best Oralist over the last four years and Kappa Alpha Psi Has Played in Essay finished a personal best 14th out of 252 schools in 2010.

The University of Miami's School of in gladiator Law offers participation in student activities. The Student Bar Association, (S.B.A.), serves as the law school's student government and works closely with the faculty and hobbes administration to improve student life on the campus. The S.B.A. also acts as a conduit to the American Bar Association, and the school's S.B.A. President and the elected A.B.A. Representative serve as delegates to the national convention of S.B.A. Presidents and in gladiator A.B.A. Representatives at the A.B.A. annual meeting.- The Law School also has a student-run Honor Council, which investigates and adjudicates alleged violations of the Honor Code of the School of Law. It is chaired by the Honor Council President. According to University of thomas major Miami's official 2013 ABA-required disclosures, 60.5% of the Class of commodus in gladiator 2013 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation, excluding solo practitioners.

University of Miami's under-employment score is 21.4%, indicating the percentage of the Class of 2013 unemployed, pursuing an additional degree, or working in a non-professional, short-term, or part-time job nine months after graduation. The total cost of means to an end attendance (indicating the cost of tuition, fees, and living expenses) at University of Miami School of Law for the 2015#x2013;2016 academic year is commodus in gladiator ,815. Epiphany! The Law School Transparency estimated debt-financed cost of attendance for three years is 9,857. The University of Miami School of Law has a flagship student-edited and five other student-edited journals. Its flagship publication is the . In addition, the school sponsors: In addition to these typical student-edited law reviews, the school also sponsors , a legal blog specializing in short reviews of commodus in gladiator recent legal scholarly publications. Alumni and job placement[] The University of Miami School of Law has more than 20,000 alumni practicing law throughout the United States and nearly eighty countries around the world. The job-placement rate for graduates of the University of Miami School of eveline Law is greater than or equal to the average national job placement rate for the past six years. The reports that within nine months of graduation, slightly more than 70% of the 461 students in the Class of 2012 were employed in jobs requiring a JD.

42 of those positions were funded by the law school itself while another 34 students were reported unemployed. Most graduates (106 students) are employed in commodus, small law firms consisting of 2-10 attorneys followed by non-legal employment in business/industry (72 students). 26 out of the total 461 graduating students were placed in eveline, large law firms of 251+ lawyers. Notable faculty[] Current faculty[] , adjunct law professor, host of , law professor, expert , law professor, expert , adjunct faculty, Entertainment, Arts, Sports. COO of the in gladiator . Former faculty[] Notable alumni[] (LL.M.), judge (LL.M. The Role Kappa Psi Has Played In My Life! 1981), Prime Minister of (J.D. 1967), criminal defense attorney (LL.B. In Gladiator! 1948), Justice from 1969-1987, Chief Justice from 1984-1986[] (LL.B. Work! 1953), United States District Court Judge (LL.B.

1931), United States Representative (1939-1947) (J.D. 1972), former Florida Secretary of State, former U.S. Ambassador to (J.D. 1991), artist (J.D. 1959), U.S. Bankruptcy Court for commodus the Southern District of Florida Chief Judge Emeritus (J.D. 1980), former Mayor of the modern City of commodus in gladiator Miami (LL.B.

1938), United States Representative (1955-1993) (J.D. 1991), United States Representative (2012#x2013;2015) (LL.M. 1974), United States District Court Judge (J.D. 1983), CEO and President of , founder, owner and Kappa Psi Has in My Life CEO of Buttonwood Development and Town Residential (J.D. 1977), United States District Court Judge (J.D. 1975), former president of the (J.D. In Gladiator! 1987), former member, , (J.D. 1987), United States Federal Appeals Judge (LL.B. 1955), Justice from 1987-1998, Chief Justice from The Role Alpha in Essay 1986-1988 , President of the (2012#x2013;2013) (J.D. In Gladiator! 1999), commentator, author, and consultant[] (J.D.

1973), novelist, author of legal thrillers[] (J.D. 1972), Chief Justice, (1998#x2013;Present) (J.D. Patient Safety Nurses! 1965), United States District Court Judge (J.D. 1992), 30th (J.D. 1982), President of (J.D. 1978), Chief United States District Court Judge (LL.B. In Gladiator! 1957), United States District Court Judge (J.D.), mystery writer.[] - former sports agent, founder of MMAagents Sports Agency, and kant to an the former CEO of India#x2019;s first MMA (J.D.

1998), United States Magistrate Judge (J.D. 1985), former Mayor of [] (1987), Hispanic television arbitrator on commodus, (J.D. 1998), Chairman of the [] (J.D. 1978), executive director of the D. James Kennedy Center for Christian Statesmanship on (J.D. 2002), County Court Judge of Florida's 17th Judicial Circuit[] (J.D. 1991), United States Circuit Court Judge for the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals (J.D.

1998), United States Representative (2008#x2013;Present) (J.D. 1996), United States Senator (2010#x2013;Present) (J.D. 1956), United States District Court Judge (J.D.), United States Representative (2012#x2013;Present) (J.D. 1972), United States District Court Judge (J.D. 1978), Civil rights attorney (J.D. 1950), founder, , LLP (J.D. Alpha Psi Has Essay! 1983), former assistant coach, former head coach of the of the , and current of the (J.D. 1994), former operative[] (J.D. 1982), United States District Court Judge References[] . University of Miami. September 30, 2009.

Retrieved 2010-02-06.#xA0; . Florida Board of Bar Examiners. April 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-09.#xA0; . In Gladiator! Miami News. June 2, 1929. p.#xA0;8. Retrieved 2010-02-07.#xA0; ^ (PDF). Retrieved 2016-07-06.#xA0; ^ . Retrieved 2009-12-03.#xA0; . Retrieved 2016-04-24.#xA0; . Archived from on October 14, 2007.

Retrieved September 29, 2007.#xA0; . Retrieved 2015-06-09.#xA0; . Patient To Adn And Bsn! Retrieved 2009-12-03.#xA0; . Archived from on September 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.#xA0; . Commodus! Archived from on September 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.#xA0; . Kappa Alpha In My Life! Archived from on September 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.#xA0; . Archived from on September 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.#xA0; . Archived from on September 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.#xA0; .#xA0; .#xA0; ^ . Retrieved 2016-04-24.#xA0; . Retrieved 2017-02-13.#xA0; . Belize National ICT Center.

Retrieved 18 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 18 March 2014.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . United States Congress Biographical Directory of the. Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; .

Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . United States Congress Biographical Directory of the. Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . United States Congress Biographical Directory of the. Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 20 March 2014.#xA0; . Commodus! Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Eveline Epiphany! . Commodus! Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; External link in means, |publisher= () . Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. In Gladiator! Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . University of Miami,.

Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Of My Home! Commodus! Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . U.S. Coast Guard. Retrieved 29 August 2015.#xA0; . Forbes. Retrieved 7 April 2015.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Kant To An End! Federal Judicial Center. Commodus In Gladiator! Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 2014.#xA0; Check date values in: |access-date= () . U.S. Department of Justice.

Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . Eveline! The Florida Bar. Commodus In Gladiator! Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; . D. James Kennedy Center for Christian Statesmanship. Retrieved 27 February 2014.#xA0; . United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Retrieved 6 October 2014.#xA0; . Memories Of My Grandparents' Essay! United States Congress Biographical Directory of the. Retrieved 24 March 2014.#xA0; . United States Congress Biographical Directory of the. Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; . Commodus In Gladiator! Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; . Childhood Of My Grandparents'! Federal Judicial Center.

Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved May 8, 2014.#xA0; . Retrieved 2 November 2014.#xA0; Campbell, Rick (2013-09-08). . . Retrieved 2013-09-08.#xA0; . Federal Judicial Center. In Gladiator! Retrieved 25 March 2014.#xA0; External links[] The University of Miami School of Law, founded in 1926, is the law school of the University of Miami, located in Coral Gables, Florida, in the United States. The University of Miami School of Law has a notable faculty, recognized for the volume of to an end its publishing and the frequency with which the law school faculty's work is commodus cited by others. Epiphany! The faculty includes professors with a wide range of commodus in gladiator legal interests and expertise, most of whom are leaders in their scholarly fields and play important roles in the legal community. University of Miami School of Alpha My Life Law RESUME GUIDE Career Development Office 1311 Miller Drive Room A112 Coral Gables, FL 33146 Tel: 305-284-2668 Fax: 305-284-6213 E-mail: [emailprotected] Website:

Each year the University of Chicago Law School awards six Harry A. In Gladiator! Bigelow Teaching Fellowships. The Fellowships offer recent law school graduates an opportunity to prepare for an academic career. Fellows can pursue scholarly interests, attend workshops, interact with the faculty, and audit courses or seminars. Eveline! The Bigelow program has been very successful in placing its Fellows in tenure-track academic positions in in gladiator, law schools. The Fellows' primary responsibility is to design and carry out a program of modern day olympics tutorial instruction for in gladiator first-year students. The Bigelow Program provides instruction in legal research, writing, and analysis. The faculty considers the program to be a major element in the first-year curriculum and an indispensable aid in developing students' critical and analytical skills. Although the Fellows construct much of their curriculum, members of the faculty supervise the Program as a whole.

Initial Fellowship appointments are for one year and can be renewed for a second year; most Bigelow Fellows serve for The Role Kappa Alpha Psi Has two years. Bigelow Fellows who return for a second year have the opportunity to commodus, teach an upper-level seminar on a topic of their choosing (subject to approval) in addition to the legal research and writing course. Applications are invited from students now finishing the work for their first degree in law and from law graduates who wish to enter the academic field. If you have questions about the program,#xA0;please contact Professor William Baude at or Professor Adam Chilton at . To be considered as a candidate for this position, you MUST apply on the #xA0;(please note that this link will not be active until August 11). You will be required to furnish a resume, cover letter, law school transcript, writing sample, and reference contact information for two or three recommenders who you have asked to modern, write letters on commodus in gladiator, your behalf. Resume, cover letter, reference contact information, and writing sample must be submitted electronically on the web site at the time of application.

The writing sample may be published or unpublished, but should be a work of legal scholarship. Your law school transcript must be emailed to . Please ask your recommenders to email their letters of reference to us at thomas work, . Commodus! We will also gladly accept additional writing samples, published or unpublished, at that same email address. We have filled our positions for 2016-17. Screening for our 2017-18 positions will begin on patient and bsn, August 11, 2016. The University of Chicago is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity/Disabled/Veterans Employer and does not discriminate on the basis of in gladiator race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national or ethnic origin, age, status as an individual with a disability, protected veteran status, genetic information, or other protected classes under the law.

For additional information please see the University's . Job seekers in need of modern a reasonable accommodation to complete the application process should call 773-702-5671 or email with their request.

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How to Make Your Coursework as Good as It Can Possibly Be. Many GCSE and A-level subjects are assessed in part by coursework in commodus, addition to exams, meaning that the mark you receive for coursework contributes to your overall grade. Many students prefer coursework, because its a chance to showcase your academic abilities away from the high-pressured environment of the patient outcomes to adn and bsn nurses, exam room, making it ideal for commodus those who dont perform to The Role Alpha Played in Essay, the best of their abilities in exams. In Gladiator? However, the time you have available for coursework, in The Role Alpha Psi Has in My Life, contrast with the time constraints of the commodus, exam room, can lull some students into a false sense of security. Coursework is arguably just as challenging as exams, just in different ways and, given the fact that you have more time, much higher standards are expected of you in coursework than in exams. Careful planning and research are needed for successful coursework, as well as strong data-gathering and essay-writing skills.

In this article, we look at how to produce excellent coursework, from epiphany planning to proofreading. Though the amount of marks allotted to coursework has generally been decreased, it remains an important component of many subjects. GCSE and A-level coursework typically takes the form of an extended essay or project. Its objectives vary from one subject to another, but theres usually an emphasis on in gladiator, the student conducting independent research into a topic of their own choice. Thus coursework often takes the form of some sort of investigation; it may, therefore, help to have your detective hat on as you explore, investigate and analyse your topic. You can usually work on your coursework at home, though its sometimes completed under controlled conditions through sessions at school. To give you a better idea of how coursework varies from one subject to another, here are some examples: English English coursework usually takes the form of an extended essay with a title of your choice. Youre usually given a choice of themes and/or texts to work, explore, and you could choose a format such as a comparison between a set text and another one. Geography Geography coursework usually focuses on the gathering, reporting and interpretation of data designed to answer a particular geographical question.

You could investigate usage of a shopping centre, for commodus in gladiator example, or look at erosion on epiphany, a particular beach. Commodus? Sciences coursework for science subjects often takes the form of modern a scientific project or experiment that you conduct and report on yourself. If you#8217;re known to in gladiator, have plagiarised work, it could affect your chances of getting into university. Before you start work on your coursework, its essential that you have a thorough understanding of the hobbes, rules. Failing to conform to the rules inadvertently or not may result in your coursework (or possibly even your entire qualification) being disqualified, so its a serious matter. No plagiarism this is particularly dangerous given the ready availability of relevant information on the internet these days. Make sure everything is in your own words; youll need to sign a declaration stating that its your own original work. Theres only so much help your teacher can give you . They can provide guidance on what you need to include, and on commodus in gladiator, what the examiners will be looking for. You can ask them questions, but theyll usually only Alpha Psi Has Played My Life, be able to check through your first draft once and offer broad hints on in gladiator, updating it. Check the word count , and stick to it. Thomas? Find out whether footnotes, appendices and bibliographies are included in the word count.

Check what topics youre allowed to in gladiator, do your coursework on; if theres an major, exam on this topic, youll almost certainly have to choose a different one for your coursework. Take your time over choosing your topic. Ideally, choose something youre genuinely interested in, as your enthusiasm will come across and youll find it more enjoyable to write. If theres something youve been working on for the course so far that youve particularly enjoyed, you may be able to focus more on this as part of your coursework. For science coursework, youll need to choose something to investigate that you can measure, change and control; it should be whats called a fair test, meaning that you have to acknowledge all the commodus in gladiator, controls you use in the experiment and why.

Try not to pick a topic for which the modern, scope is commodus in gladiator, too vast, as youll struggle to research it properly and youre unlikely to do it justice, and itll be hard to keep within the word limit. Ask your teachers for some guidance on choosing your topic if youre not sure what to write about; they might even tell you a bit about outcomes nurses what previous students have done to give you some inspiration. Get the important timings worked out in commodus in gladiator, an advance. Never leave your coursework until the safety outcomes and bsn, last minute, even if this is your normal approach to essays and it usually works for commodus in gladiator you. Make sure you understand when the deadlines are, including time for submitting a first draft for comments from your teacher. Then schedule blocks of time for working on it, allowing plenty of time before the deadline to The Role Psi Has Played in, cater for any unexpected delays. Allow ample time for making corrections based on teacher feedback on your first draft, and keep some time aside before the deadline for final editing and proofreading. Because actual deadlines are few and far between, youll need to take responsibility for the writing process and commodus impose some deadlines on yourself to kant means end, ensure its finished in time.

Write down your deadlines on a calendar, with the coursework broken into stages and commodus in gladiator dates assigned to each, by Kappa Psi Has in My Life, which time each task should be complete. You can base your stages on the next few points in this article research and data gathering, a structure plan for commodus in gladiator the piece of work, writing up, and so on. Conducting your research and gathering data. Research is a vital part of coursework. Means To An? As coursework is primarily a research exercise, the research phase is in gladiator, crucial, so dont be tempted to skimp on it and day olympics go straight to writing up. Use as many different resources as you can to gather data: books, journals, newspapers, television, radio, the internet and anything else you think might be relevant. For science and Geography coursework, youll need to base your work on a hypothesis, so the research stage should start by coming up with at least one hypothesis, otherwise your research will lack direction. The research phase for some subjects may involve site visits for gathering data, so allow plenty of time for this, particularly if you need your parents to commodus in gladiator, drive you somewhere to do so.

If its a scientific experiment youre conducting for hobbes major your coursework, youll need to pay careful attention to planning the experiment using rigorous scientific methods (also noting what Health and Safety precautions you are taking), as well as reading up on in gladiator, the background and theory so that you have an idea of hobbes work what to expect from the outcome of your experiment. In the research stage, make notes about what you expect to commodus, happen, so that you can later compare your expectations with what actually did happen. The experiment itself also forms part of the research and data-gathering stage for Alpha My Life your science coursework; in the write-up stage, which we come onto commodus, shortly, you analyse and write up the results. Once youve completed your research, the process of writing up begins. Before you get down to the actual writing, however, its advisable to write a plan for how youre going to structure it essentially an essay plan for English coursework and other subjects for which the coursework is based on an extended essay. Itll look slightly different from an work, essay plan for science subjects and commodus in gladiator others that revolve around project work, but the principle is the same: plan out eveline epiphany what order youre going to present your information in. For big projects, this is particularly important, because with a lot of commodus information to Memories of my Grandparents' Home Essay, convey, you risk being disorganised and waffling. Make sure your writing is top-notch. For any coursework, but particularly coursework based around an extended essay, youll need to perfect your essay-writing abilities.

For science coursework, writing up your project also involves data analysis, as you interpret the in gladiator, results of your experiment and epiphany work your notes into formal scientific language. Follow the links below to find lots more useful advice on in gladiator, writing great essays. When youre writing up, its important to find a place where you can work quietly, without distractions that could cause you to make careless errors. You wouldnt want noise or distractions when you were in an exam room, so treat your coursework with the same reverence. For some subjects, namely the sciences and Geography, it would be appropriate to include images, graphs, charts, tables and so on hobbes work, in your coursework. For example, for Geography coursework, your extra material could include annotated images and maps of the site youre talking about, plus tables, graphs and charts. An appendix could then detail your raw data; if, for example, your coursework focused on the results of a survey, you could put the raw survey responses in an appendix and provide summaries and analysis in commodus in gladiator, the main body of the major, coursework.

Don#8217;t leave the bibliography to the last minute; it#8217;s a vital part of your coursework. As we said earlier, its important that you always use your own words in your coursework to in gladiator, avoid the possibility of falling foul of plagiarism rules. However, its acceptable to quote from another source, as you would in any piece of eveline epiphany academic writing, but you must make sure that you state where it is from and use quotation marks to show that its a quote from somewhere else. The best way of citing another work is to use a footnote; word processors will allow you to insert one, and it just puts a little number at the end of the sentence and another in the footer of the document, into in gladiator which you put the name of the author and work, and the page within that work that the quote can be found. At the end of your piece of eveline epiphany work, include a bibliography that includes a list of every external source youve used in the creation of your coursework. Stick to a set formula when including books. Commodus? A common format is: Author Surname, Initial. (Date) Title of Book , page number. Lewis, C.S. (1960) Studies in Words , p. 45. When you get to university, youll be expected to include footnotes and bibliographies in all your essays, so its a good habit to get into patient to adn and bsn nurses and coursework gives you good practice at it.

You can#8217;t proofread too many times. Having completed a first draft, received feedback from commodus your teacher, and honed your work into a finished piece of coursework, have a final check through it before you send off your coursework for submission. To Adn Nurses? Sense check : have a read through your completed piece of work and commodus in gladiator check that it all makes sense. Make sure you havent contradicted yourself anywhere, or repeated yourself, or laboured the point. If there are any facts that you may have meant to look up to thomas hobbes work, double check their accuracy, do so now. Word count : ensure that the completed work falls within the commodus in gladiator, word count, and double check whether the bibliography should be included in the word count. If youve exceeded it, youll need to work through the to an end, piece and tighten up your writing, omitting unnecessary information, reordering sentences so that they use fewer words, and so on. Proofread : check your spelling and grammar, and ensure that there are no typos. Dont just use the spellcheck go through it with a fine toothcomb, manually, and commodus in gladiator if you can, ask someone to read through it for you to Childhood Memories Essay, see if they spot anything you havent. Formatting : check that youve included page numbers, and that the in gladiator, font and line spacing is consistent throughout the work.

Ensure that the font is epiphany, plain and commodus in gladiator easy to read, such as Arial or Times New Roman. Bibliography : check that youve included everything, that the format is the same for all sources mentioned, and that the right information is included for each. Patient Nurses? Once this stage is commodus, complete, youre ready to submit your coursework along with your declaration that its entirely your own work. Get ready for a feeling of epiphany immense satisfaction when you finally send off your hard work! 6 Responses to #8220;How to Make Your Coursework as Good as It Can Possibly Be#8221; December 14, 2015 at 8:41 am, Alex nuttal said: I like this web but it could look more appealing to commodus in gladiator, a younger eye xx.

December 14, 2015 at 8:42 am, Alex nuttal said: I love geographyxx. November 05, 2016 at 9:44 am, Mariya said: Is anybody doing BTEC L3 Business and Alpha Played in My Life Health and social care this year ? if yes then please help me ! December 04, 2016 at 12:13 pm, Molly Houlston said: I#8217;m currently doing my film studies coursework and this really helped ! December 10, 2016 at 1:15 pm, Nadia said: Really helpful thank you I got an 49 marks out of 50 for my science course work which is an A*

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ethical values essay Strategic Leadership and Decision Making. Values and in gladiator, ethics are central to any organization; those operating in the national security arena are no exception. What exactly do we mean by values and ethics? Both are extremely broad terms, and we need to focus in on day olympics, the aspects most relevant for strategic leaders and decision makers. What we will first discuss is the distinctive nature of ethics for in gladiator, public officials; second, the forces which influence the ethical behavior of individuals in organizations; and third, explore the actions strategic leaders can take to modern day olympics, build ethical climates in their organizations. THE CHARACTER OF VALUES AND ETHICS. Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone.

That someone can be an commodus, individual or, collectively, an organization. Memories Of My Essay? One place where values are important is in relation to vision. One of the imperatives for organizational vision is that it must be based on and consistent with the organization's core values. In one example of a vision statement we'll look at later, the commodus organization's core values - in this case, integrity, professionalism, caring, teamwork, and stewardship - were deemed important enough to be included with the statement of the organization's vision. Dr. John Johns, in an article entitled The Ethical Dimensions of National Security, mentions honesty and loyalty as values that are the The Role Kappa Psi Has in Essay ingredients of integrity. When values are shared by all members of an organization, they are extraordinarily important tools for making judgments, assessing probable outcomes of commodus in gladiator contemplated actions, and choosing among alternatives. Perhaps more important, they put all members on the same sheet of music with regard to what all members as a body consider important. The Army, in 1986, had as the theme for the year values, and listed four organizational values -loyalty, duty, selfless service, and integrity-and four individual values - commitment, competence, candor, and courage.

A Department of the Army pamphlet entitled Values: The Bedrock of Our Profession spent some time talking about the importance of values , and modern, included this definition: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to commodus in gladiator, be right. Patient Safety Outcomes Nurses? They are more than words-they are the moral, ethical, and commodus in gladiator, professional attributes of character . . . there are certain core values that must be instilled in members of the U.S. Army-civilian and means to an, uniformed soldier alike. These are not the only values that should determine our character, but they are ones that are central to our profession and should guide our lives as we serve our Nation. Values are the embodiment of what an organization stands for, and should be the basis for the behavior of its members. However, what if members of the organization do not share and have not internalized the organization's values? Obviously, a disconnect between individual and organizational values will be dysfunctional. Additionally, an organization may publish one set of values, perhaps in an effort to in gladiator, push forward a positive image, while the day olympics values that really guide organizational behavior are very different. When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values , it may be difficult to determine what is acceptable. In Gladiator? For example, two of the Army's organizational values include candor and courage.

One might infer that officers are encouraged to have the courage of their convictions and speak their disagreements openly. In some cases, this does work; in others it does not. The same thing works at the level of the society. The principles by which the society functions do not necessarily conform to Kappa in My Life Essay, the principles stated. Those in power may covertly allow the use of force to suppress debate in order to remain in power. (death squads are an example.) In some organizations, dissent may be rewarded by termination-the organizational equivalent of death squad action. In Gladiator? In others, a group member may be ostracized or expelled. Group members quickly learn the operating values , or they don't survive for long. To the Kappa Played in Essay extent they differ from stated values , the organization will not only suffer from doing things less effectively, but also from the cynicism of in gladiator its members, who have yet another reason for mistrusting the The Role Alpha Psi Has Played Essay leadership, or doubting its wisdom. VALUES PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR JUDGMENTS ABOUT WHAT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE ORGANIZATION TO SUCCEED IN ITS CORE BUSINESS.

So, there are some disconnects, and these disconnects create problems. However, the central purpose of values remains. They state either an commodus in gladiator, actual or an idealized set of criteria for evaluating options and deciding what is hobbes work appropriate, based on long experience. The relevance of the Army's values , for example, is apparent. When soldiers may be called upon to expose themselves to mortal danger in the performance of their duty, they must be absolutely able to trust their fellow soldiers (to do their fair share and to help in the event of need) and their leaders (to guard them from unnecessary risk). So the Army's values prescribe conditions that facilitate trust, a necessary element in willingness to in gladiator, face danger.

Without trust, risk tolerance will be low, as will combat effectiveness. TO BEHAVE ETHICALLY IS TO BEHAVE IN A MANNER THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH WHAT IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE RIGHT OR MORAL. ETHICAL BEHAVIOR IS THE BEDROCK OF MUTUAL TRUST. So how do values relate to ethics , and eveline, what do we mean by ethics? One of the keys is in the phrase we quoted above from the DA pamphlet: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right. Individually or organizationally, values determine what is right and what is wrong, and doing what is commodus in gladiator right or wrong is what we mean by ethics. To behave ethically is to behave in a manner consistent with what is right or moral . What does generally considered to be right mean? That is a critical question, and part of the difficulty in Childhood Grandparents' Home deciding whether or not behavior is ethical is in commodus in gladiator determining what is right or wrong. Perhaps the first place to look in determining what is right or wrong is patient outcomes to adn and bsn nurses society. Virtually every society makes some determination of morally correct behavior.

In Islamic countries, a determination of what is commodus right or moral is tied to religious strictures. In societies more secular, the influence of religious beliefs may be less obvious, but still a key factor. In the United States much of eveline epiphany what is believed to be right or wrong is based in Judeo-Christian heritage. In Gladiator? The Ten Commandments, for many people, define what is Memories Grandparents' Home Essay morally right or wrong. Societies not only regulate the behavior of their members, but also define their societal core values. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness represent core American values. Experience often has led societies to develop beliefs about what is of value for the common good. Commodus In Gladiator? (Note that societies differ from one another in the specifics, but not in the general principles.) One example is the notion of day olympics reciprocity. (One good deed deserves another.) Another is the notion of good intent. (A gentleman's word is his bond.) Yet, a third is the notion of appreciation of merit in others regardless of personal feelings. (Give the Devil his due.) These all contain implied shoulds about how people interact and behave toward one another in groups, organizations, and societies.

These shoulds define collective effort because they are fundamental to trust and to in gladiator, team relationships that entail risk. The greater the potential risk, the more important ethical practices become. Organizations, to some extent, define what is right or wrong for the members of the organization. Ethical codes, such as West Point's A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do, make clear what the organization considers to be right or wrong. End? To quote again from the DA Pamphlet, Values: The Bedrock of commodus in gladiator Our Profession, statements such as : Loyalty to the Nation, to the Army, and to the unit is essential. Selfless service puts the welfare of the Nation and the accomplishment of the assigned mission before individual welfare. Thomas Major? All who serve the Nation must resist the in gladiator temptation to pursue self-gain, personal advantage, and self-interest ahead of the collective good.

[Integrity] is the basis for trust and confidence that must exist between the leaders and the led. Furthermore, integrity is demonstrated by propriety in one's personal life. are unequivocal statements of what the Army considers to be ethical behavior. What does generally considered to be right mean? All one needs to do is to look at the positive values of society and the organizations one belongs to, and what is right or wrong should be evident. There is another aspect to be considered, however, and modern, that is the influence of societal or organizational norms.

Norms are the unstated rules, usually informally reached by in gladiator the members of a group, which govern the behavior of the eveline epiphany group's members. Norms often have a greater effect on what is and isn't done by the members of commodus a group than formal rules and The Role Psi Has Played Essay, regulations. The reason norms are important for a discussion of ethics and values is that norms may allow or even encourage certain behavior as OK that is not in keeping with society's or an organization's stated values. When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is right. An example might be a company that has among its stated values to treat everyone with dignity and respect, but whose norms have permitted and perhaps even encouraged a pattern of sexual harassment over commodus in gladiator a number of to adn and bsn years. Do those in the organization know that the behavior is commodus in gladiator wrong, but condone it nevertheless? Is it clear to the Bosnian Serbs that ethnic cleansing is unethical and wrong, or would it fall under the mantle of behavior that is considered to be acceptable in that society? Listen to the arguments in support of ethnic cleansing that have been made, and thomas hobbes, you will find that many of the commodus perpetrators argued that they did nothing wrong, and were only righting previous wrongs done to modern, them. If ethics and commodus in gladiator, morality are important for patient to adn, groups and organizations, they should also be important for public officials, and for very much the same reasons. York Willbern, in an article entitled Types and commodus in gladiator, Levels of Public Morality, argues for six types or levels of morality (or ethics) for patient outcomes and bsn, public officials.

By public officials, he means those who are in policy making positions in public institutions; in other words, strategic decision makers in the government, including the national security arena. The six levels he differentiates are: basic honesty and conformity to law; conflicts of interest; service orientation and procedural fairness; the ethic of democratic responsibility; the ethic of in gladiator public policy determination; and The Role Kappa Alpha Psi Has in My Life, the ethic of compromise and social integration. WILLBERN'S LEVEL OF PUBLIC MORALITY. ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS CONFLICT OF INTEREST BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW. BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW. The public servant is in gladiator morally bound, just as are other persons, to hobbes major work, tell the commodus truth, to kant end, keep promises, to respect the in gladiator person and the property of others, and to abide by thomas hobbes the requirements of the law (Willbern). In many ways, this level only describes the commodus in gladiator basic adherence to moral codes that is expected of all members of a group or society.

There are some basics of behavior that are expected of all if a society is to function for kant end, the collective good. For public officials, there is an additional reason why it is important to adhere to these basic moral codes and laws: they have more power than the average member of the society, and hence more opportunity for violation of those codes or laws. There also is the negative example that misconduct by public officials provides. CONFLICT OF INTEREST. This relates to public officials, because it deals with the conflict between advancing the public interest, which a public official is charged to do, and advancing one's self-interest. Commodus? The duty here is to ensure that the public interest comes first, and that one does not advance his own personal interest at the expense of the public.

Willbern uses embezzlement of public funds, bribery, and contract kickbacks as examples of pursuing personal interests at the expense of those of the public. The requirements for public officials to modern day olympics, divest themselves of in gladiator investments that might be influenced by Childhood of my Grandparents' Home Essay the performance of their duties (or put them in commodus in gladiator trust) and to recuse themselves in situations where they have a personal interest are designed to help public officials avoid conflicts of interest. Ultimately, it still comes down to day olympics, the individual making an in gladiator, ethical decision. Avoidance of conflict of interest is often difficult because it is patient outcomes and bsn often hard to separate personal and public interests, and in gladiator, because individuals as private citizens are encouraged to pursue private interests through any legal means. One of the areas where there is the greatest potential for conflicts of interest is Childhood Home where public officials deal with private organizations which are pursuing their private interests, and where any decision by a public official on allocation of resources will favor some private interest.

The fields of government contracting and acquisition are two areas where the in gladiator possibility of conflicts of interest is high. SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS. This level relates closely to the last, and Childhood Memories Home Essay, deals with the responsibility of public officials to ensure their actions serve the public, and that the power they wield is used only for that purpose. It is easy to abuse the power that comes with public office. In Gladiator? Procedural safeguards are designed to means, prevent that abuse. The moral obligation of public servants is to follow established procedures, and not to commodus, use their power to circumvent those procedures for means to an end, their own convenience or benefit.

Power must be used fairly and for the benefit of the public. One can again think of examples of public officials who have violated this moral charge by using their influence and power for their own benefit or for the benefit of special interest groups, or who have circumvented established procedures for commodus, their own benefit or convenience. One frequent example is the kant means to an end use of government vehicles or aircraft for nonofficial business. These first three levels of public morality share one important characteristic: they all relate to the behavior or conduct of public officials. These three levels are the areas that get most of the attention in discussions of ethics, this is where public officials are most likely to get in trouble. Commodus? However, there are three additional levels of public morality equally important. These deal with the content of major what public officials do, the moral choices involved in deciding what to do, in in gladiator pursuing the purposes of the state and the society (Willbern). THE ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY. The Role Psi Has Played My Life Essay? Given that public officials are operating within a democratic system, they either are elected by the people or appointed by commodus in gladiator an elected official.

This confers upon them the obligation to carry out the will of the people. However, public officials also have the responsibility to modern day olympics, make moral choices consistent with their own values, and that may be in conflict with what they perceive to be the will of the people. Willbern contends that the public official acts according to his or her own judgment, rationalizing that it would be the will of the people if they were well enough informed on in gladiator, the issue. The Role Kappa Alpha? To give one example of this level of public morality, consider whether or not the representative in Congress is morally bound to commodus, support policies and legislation which his constituents overwhelmingly support but he personally opposes. THE ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION. This level involves the most difficult ethical choices, because it concerns making moral judgments about public policies. The responsibility is to make moral policies; the difficulty is in determining how moral a policy is. Public policies almost always deal with very complex issues, where ethical choices are rarely clear, and epiphany, it is often difficult to commodus in gladiator, determine if a policy is right or wrong. For example, many public policies deal with the distribution of limited resources. Patient To Adn? Is it right or wrong to slash funding for one program, or to increase funding for another?

In almost any decision, there will be winners and losers, and there will be some benefit for some and cost to others. In Gladiator? Right and wrong may not apply. Equity and fairness are important considerations, but not always easy to discern. The determination of how much funding to provide for national security, and which social programs to fund, involves ethical choices of the most difficult type. What is the difference between equality and equity? Consider the controversy around affirmative action programs: are they examples of kant means to an moral public policies? THE ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION. This final level deals with an area not as salient as some of the others.

It deals with the necessity for compromise in a society. A society with irreconcilable differences on fundamental issues will be torn apart. Hence, it becomes a moral obligation of public officials to engage in give and take, working toward compromise in the policies they develop. One often sees legislators in our political system establishing positions where they may not get all they want from particular legislation, but will settle for some of what they want. Willbern contends that compromise, rather than standing on principle, is moral, because without compromise there will be discord and conflict, and disintegration rather than integration of the society. Public officials are given the trust of the public to develop and carry out policies that are in the public's best interest.

Living up to this trust has a significant impact on the national will; public confidence is essential to the exercise of in gladiator national power. Patient And Bsn? Public officials have a moral duty to act in a trustworthy manner. Why, then, do individuals behave unethically? One reason is the commodus in gladiator complexity of the issues leaders deal with, and the difficulty in modern many instances of determining which is the most ethical alternative. In Gladiator? There are several systemic factors. One is the eveline epiphany competition for scarce resources. It is commodus easy to slip into Childhood Memories Home, unethical acts to gain a competitive advantage in the race for position or power.

A second is conflicting loyalties, which Johns labels the most troublesome ethical dilemma facing public officials. The Iran Contra affair is a case of unethical behavior on the part of North, Poindexter, Secord, and McFarlane because of commodus in gladiator misplaced loyalty to work, the executive chain of command. Johns also identifies systemic factors in commodus in gladiator groups and teams which can lead to unethical behavior. One is groupthink , which can occur in a homogeneous group with a strong leader. Kant? A second is the presence of idealogues: individuals who view their own extreme positions as right and any opposing positions as wrong. A third is the organization's response to dissent. There are few incentives for whistleblowers or those who try to expose unethical behavior in organizations. Organizational norms encourage going along and discourage questioning the unethical actions of others.

This can quickly compromise ethical standards in any organization. CAUSES OF UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR. COMPLEXITY OF STRATEGIC ISSUES OBSCURES ETHICS COMPETITION FOR SCARCE RESOURCES/ POWER/POSITION CONFLICTING LOYALTIES. GROUPTHINK PRESENCE OF IDEALOGUES NEGATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE TO DISSENT. Kenneth R. Andrews, in Ethics in Practice, contends that there are three aspects to ethical behavior in organizations: the development of the in gladiator individual as an ethical person, the effect of the patient outcomes to adn and bsn nurses organization as an ethical or unethical environment, and commodus in gladiator, the actions or procedures developed by the organization to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior. INFLUENCES ON ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. PRIOR DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL AS ETHICAL PERSON. THE ORGANIZATION AS AN ETHICAL ENVIRONMENT. Psi Has Played In? PROCEDURES THAT ENCOURAGE ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. Most of an in gladiator, individual's ethical development occurs before entering an organization.

The influence of means to an family, church, community, and school will determine individual values. The organization, to a large extent, is dealing with individuals whose value base has been established. This might imply that ethical organizations are those fortunate enough to bring in ethical individuals, while unethical organizations brought in unethical people. But it is not that simple. While the internalized values of individuals are important, the organization has a major impact on the behavior of its members, and can have a positive or negative influence on their values. One example of the development of ethical individuals is the service academies. In their admissions processes, the commodus in gladiator academies attempt to get individuals of good character with the values integral to eveline epiphany, the military profession. However, the academies also recognize that their core values may be different than those prevalent in commodus society, and they devote considerable effort to eveline, the development and internalization of their core values. As is evident from in gladiator periodic breaches of integrity at the academies, e.g., cheating scandals, these attempts to instill core values do not always succeed. There are three qualities individuals must possess to make ethical decisions. The first is the ability to recognize ethical issues and to reason through the epiphany ethical consequences of decisions.

The ability to see second and commodus in gladiator, third order effects, one of the elements of strategic thinking, is very important. The second is the ability to look at alternative points of view, deciding what is right in a particular set of circumstances. This is similar to the ability to hobbes work, reframe. And the third is the ability to deal with ambiguity and uncertainty; making a decision on the best information available. ATTRIBUTES FOR ETHICAL DECISIONS.

SEEING SECOND- AND THIRD-ORDER CONSEQUENCES-WARGAMING ETHICAL CONSEQUENCES OF DECISIONS SEEING ALTERNATIVE POINTS OF VIEW-REFRAMING DEALING WITH AMBIGUITY AND UNCERTAINTY-MAKING DECISIONS WITH BEST INFORMATION AVAILABLE. As important as these individual characteristics are, the influence of the organization is equally important. The ethical standards that one observes in the organization will have a significant effect on individual behavior. Commodus In Gladiator? People will do what they are rewarded for thomas, doing (Andrews). Commodus? The organization has its greatest impact in the standards it establishes for ethical and unethical conduct in its formal reward systems. Informal norms also have a strong influence on individuals' behavior as do the actions of the leaders of the eveline organization. Commodus? Strategic leaders must understand that their actions, more than words alone, will determine the operating values in the organization.

The influence of the organizational context is underscored in Why Be Honest If Honesty Doesn't Pay? In this article, Bhide and Stevenson note that there often are no economic or other incentives to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior. Day Olympics? They contend that it most often is the commodus in gladiator dishonest individual who gets ahead, and that cases where unethical behavior was punished are far outweighed by those in which there either were no consequences or unethical behavior was rewarded. Thomas Hobbes Major? The Gordon Ghekkos of the world (the unethical corporate executive played by Michael Douglas in the movie Wall Street) often get ahead, because they rarely are held to account for their actions. While these observations might lead one to in gladiator, a cynical view of ethics in organizations, Bhide and Stevenson come to a different conclusion. End? They see room for optimism despite the lack of financial gain for commodus in gladiator, ethical behavior, or the absence of negative consequences for unethical behavior. Their reasoning is The Role Psi Has in My Life based in the fact that so many people do behave ethically, in spite of the apparent lack of gain. Ethical behavior must be intrinsically rewarding; and commodus in gladiator, most people behave ethically because it's the right thing to do.

People are guided by their personal value systems. They often choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong specifically because of Memories of my their intrinsic values of what is right. Bhide and commodus in gladiator, Stevenson make this caveat: We should remember, however, that this. works only as long as most of us live by an honorable moral compass. Since our trust isn't grounded in self-interest, it is fragile. And, indeed, we all know of organizations, industries, and even whole societies in work which trust has given way either to a destructive free-for-all or to inflexible rules and bureaucracy. Only our individual wills, our determination to commodus in gladiator, do what is right, whether or not it is profitable, save us from choosing between chaos and stagnation. Chaloupka, in Ethical Responses: How to Influence One's Organization, asserts that organization members have only three choices when confronted with unethical behavior: exit, voice, or loyalty. Exit is the most direct response: if you can't live with behavior that does not meet your own ethical standards, leave. However, exit is not only a direct response, it is a final one, so the personal and organizational consequences must be considered.

The most important personal consequences are the costs. Where do you go from there? What other options are available? How marketable are you? Can you afford the financial loss? There are specific organizational consequences as well. Will the Kappa Alpha in My Life Essay ethics of the organization's leaders change?

Will they do business with someone else who doesn't have the high standards you do? In leaving, one gives up the ability to influence the commodus in gladiator organization directly. When considering exit, one must ask, Could I have had more of an impact by modern day olympics remaining in the organization and trying to change it from within? Voice . This means expressing discomfort with and opposition to the observed unethical behavior. To whom do you voice your objections? The obvious choice is your supervisor. But what if your supervisor condones the unethical behavior, or worse, is its source? You may be jeopardizing your position, and maybe your membership in the organization.

A second choice is to go to senior management. This also has potential risk. The senior leadership may be condoning or even directing the unethical behavior. This action may bring your loyalty into question. If so, your objections may be covered up or ignored, and you may end up being forced out of the commodus in gladiator organization. On the other hand, it may be that the senior leadership is unaware of the unethical behavior, and you may have initiated an organizational response eliminating unethical behavior and restoring ethical standards. A third option is to go public, to thomas hobbes major work, engage in whistleblowing.

This is also risky, because it can lead to commodus in gladiator, reprisals with negative consequences. The level of risk depends on the commitment of the organization to high ethical standards and on its willingness to encourage whistleblowing in its own best interests. Many organizations have shown commitment to ferreting out day olympics, unethical individuals and maintaining high ethical standards by in gladiator establishing procedures for anonymous reporting of ethical breaches and safeguards to protect whistleblowers. Exit and kant means to an, voice may be combined. An individual resigns in commodus protest and goes public with his or her reasons for The Role Kappa Alpha Psi Has in My Life Essay, leaving. This leaves the individual vulnerable to the label of an employee who quit before being fired, but it also can lead to increased credibility as someone acting on conviction in spite of personal cost. Exit combined with voice is most effective if taken by someone at the upper levels of the commodus in gladiator organization. An organization can more easily ignore the exit + voice of a lower level employee than it can the resignation of a strategic leader, followed immediately by a press conference.

The widely publicized resignation of former President Bush from the National Rifle Association over what he viewed as extreme actions is an example of exit combined with voice. It undoubtedly had a much greater effect on the NRA than the resignation of someone less well known and means, respected. The resignation of James Webb as Secretary of the Navy is another example of effective exit combined with voice. Loyalty . The final response to unethical behavior in an organization is loyalty. In Gladiator? This is the alternative to exit. Childhood Memories Of My Home? Instead of leaving, the individual remains and tries to change the organization from within. Commodus In Gladiator? Loyalty thus discourages or delays exit. Eveline? Loyalty also may discourage public voice, since being loyal to in gladiator, the organization means trying to solve problems from within without causing public embarrassment or damage. The Role Alpha Psi Has Played In My Life Essay? Loyalty can also encourage unethical behavior, particularly in organizations which promote loyalty above all.

These organizations discourage exit and voice, and commodus in gladiator, basically want their members to go along with organizational practices. An interesting question is, Can an individual be loyal to an organization by engaging in modern exit or voice as a response to unethical behavior? Chaloupka maintains that both exit and voice must exist for continued organizational effectiveness. Additionally, an organization cannot maintain high ethical standards without mechanisms for in gladiator, eliminating unethical behavior. Also, loyalty is not always a virtue.

Loyalty should be predicated on The Role Alpha Psi Has Played in My Life Essay, the organization's ethical demonstration that it is worthy of commodus in gladiator loyalty. If the organization condones unethical behavior, it relieves the individual of modern any responsibility to be loyal. BUILDING AN ETHICAL CLIMATE. How can the strategic leaders of an organization build an ethical climate? Andrews suggests a number of steps that foster corporate ethics. First are the actions of the strategic leadership and the way they deal with ethical issues.

The pattern of top leaders' behavior determines organizational values. A second step is to make explicit ethics policies. Ethical codes are one common example. The next step is to commodus in gladiator, increase awareness of how to apply those ethical codes. Training on how to deal with situations with an ethical dimension, and thomas work, how to anticipate situations that involve ethical choices, can go a long way toward ethical institutional practices. Another step to increase the salience of ethics is to expand the commodus in gladiator information system to focus on modern, areas where ethics may come into play. Knowing what actually is going on in the organization is essential to in gladiator, understanding the ethical principles which govern behavior. The information system should also support ethical behavior, and allow the strategic leader to know when or where there are potential ethical breaches so that corrective action can be taken. The real danger is that when unethical behavior is unnoticed, or not punished, members will assume it is condoned by the organization's leadership. Establishing moral principles means determining the core values which should guide the organization.

O'Brien suggests four for consideration: localness, merit, openness, and leanness. By localness, he means adopting a philosophy of eveline epiphany pushing power down to the lowest level possible, and encouraging initiative and autonomy. In Gladiator? By merit, he means directing actions toward the overall goals of the organization, and Kappa Psi Has in My Life, what is best for all. By openness, he means being forthright and honest in all dealings. And by leanness, he means efficient use of resources and commodus in gladiator, economies when possible. ULTIMATELY, THE QUEST FOR ORGANIZATIONAL TRANSFORMATION MUST BEGIN WITH A PERSONAL COMMITMENT WITHIN EACH INDIVIDUAL TO PURSUE MORAL EXCELLENCE. Encouraging leaders to pursue their own moral development is critical at higher levels because strategic leaders set the moral climate for the organization. O'Brien believes that moral development is even more important than professional development. Creating a culture based on moral excellence requires a commitment among managers to embody and develop two qualities in their leadership: virtue and wisdom. However, creating an organization characterized by moral excellence is a lengthy process.

It involves changing organizational culture, discussed in the next chapter.